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The Hindu Newspaper 09th April 2020

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1)Pink Bollworm’ primarily affects which of the following crops?

  1. Maize
  2. Paddy
  3. Wheat
  4. Cotton

2)Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Financial Action Task Force (FATF)’

  1. It is an inter-governmental body
  2. It was formed in 1989 with the objective to curb terrorist financing measures taken by countries

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

3)Kihoto Hollohan case’ is associated with which of the following schedules of the Indian Constitution?

  1. Tenth Schedule
  2. Fourth Schedule
  3. Eighth Schedule
  4. Sixth Schedule

Map of the Day :-

Cauvery River System:-

The Cauvery River rises at an elevation of 1,341 m at Talakaveri on the Brahmagiri range near Cherangala village of Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka.

  • Left Bank: the Harangi, the Hemavati, the Shimsha and the Arkavati.
  • Right Bank: Lakshmantirtha, the Kabbani, the Suvarnavati, the Bhavani, the Noyil and the Amaravati joins from right.

News:- NGOs can buy FCI grain sto provide cooked food

The Food Corporation of India is an organization created and run by the Government of India.

It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Government of India.

Its top official is designated as Chairman. It was set up in 1965 with its Initial headquarters at Chennai. Later this was moved to New Delhi. It also has regional centers in the capitals of the states. Important regions of the state also serve as district centers.

2) News:- Armyworm attack adds to Assam farmers’ woes :-

The armyworm caterpillar, the larval stage of several species of moths, has avoracious appetite. Entomologists say it feeds onmore than 80 species of plants.

Reasons:-

  • many farmers have been unable to harvest due to the lockdown
  • The weather has been a factor
  • The temperature is quite high now, and the armyworm can cause more damage if there is no rain

News:- IRDAI permits insurers to grant three months’ moratorium on term loans

Insurance Regulatory Development Authority (IRDA) is a statutory body set up by the IRDA Act, 1999. It is an autonomous and apex body which has the responsibility to regulate and control the Insurance sector in India. Insurance Regulatory Development Authority (IRDA) was established after the recommendations of Malhotra Committee report of 1994. The committee had recommended for the establishment of an independent authority for the regulation of Insurance sector in India. Thus Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) Act, 1991 was enacted and the IRDA received the status of a statutory body in 2000 by the Indian Parliament.

Initially, IRDA was set up as an autonomous body headquartered at New Delhi. The headquarters of IRDA was later on shifted to Hyderabad, Telangana in 2001. The Government of India appoints the Chairman and other members of the Insurance Regulatory Development Authority (IRDA).

Earlier, the insurance business in India was under the monopoly of the government and the state owned companies such as Life Insurance Corporation of India, General Insurance Corporation along with its subsidiaries enjoyed the monopoly in the insurance market. Insurance is listed in the union list in the seventh schedule of the constitution. Therefore there was hardly any requirement for a separate regulatory body for the Insurance sector.

4) NBWL :- National Board for Wild Life is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. 

Theoretically, the board is “advisory” in nature and advises the Central Government on framing policies and measures for conservation of wildlife in the country.

However, it is a very important body because it serves as apex body to review all wildlife-related matters and approve projects in and around national parks and sanctuaries.

Why it was in News:- The Standing Committee ofthe National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) had its first ever videoconferencing meet.

Editorial of the Day :-

It’s time for the Red Berets

Central Theme:- The world needs a special UN force to fight COVID-19.

As per author The World Health Organization (WHO) is not equipped to fight a pandemic of this proportion.

The only UN body which has the training for assembling fighting forces for emergencies is the Department of Peace Operations.

UNSC 66should hold an emergencymeeting and authorise the UN Secretary General to put together a forceunder Chapter VII of the UN Charter.

UNSC till now has failed to decide on Covid-19.

What should be done ??:-

The first step will be to pass a resolution to take action to end the crisis and authorise the Secretary General to request member states to make personnel available.

The because of the colour of the caps that they wear. Thehealth force can have caps of anothercolour, probably red. The launch ofthe Red Berets will be a historic action to be taken at a critical moment.

The UN peacekeeping forces are called Blue Berets because of the colour of the caps that they wear. The health force can have caps of anothercolour, probably red.

The launch ofthe Red Berets will be a historic action to be taken at a critical moment.

Editorial 2 :- Needed, greater decentralisation of power 

Central Theme:- Chief Ministers want to do a lot of good but their powers are limited by the Central govt. All they need is greater decentralization.

Author Says :- Equally, though, as much as State governments have taken up positions of leadership, they have repeatedly found themselves throttled by the limitations of the extant federal arrangement.

There are three specific limitations.:-

One, the inability of States to access funds and thereby structure their own welfare packages.

Two, the curbs imposed by a public finance management system that is mired in officialdom. This has prevented States from easily and swiftly making payments for the purchase of healthcare apparatus such as ventilators and personal protective equipment.

Three, the colossal disruption of supply chains not only of essential goods and services but also of other systems of production and distribution, which has placed States in a position of grave economic uncertainty.

Constitutional Arrangement :-

The Seventh Schedule to the Constitution divides responsibilities between these two layers.

The Union government is tasked with matters of national importance, such as foreign affairs, defence, and airways. But the responsibilities vested with the States are no less important.

Issues concerning public health and sanitation, agriculture,public order, and police, among other things, have each been assigned to State governments.

States and Matter of Finance :- Consider the widely hailed decision to accept the 14th Finance Commission’s recommendation for an increase in the share of the States in total tax revenues from 32% to 42%.

While, in theory, this ought to have enabled the States to significantly increase their own spending, in reality,  this has not happened.

Gains made by the States, as the paper underlines, have been entirely offset by a simultaneous decline in share of grants and by a concomitant increase in the States’ own contribution towards expenditures on centrally sponsored schemes.

Similarly creation of a Goods and Services Tax regime, which far from achieving its core purpose of uniformity has rendered nugatory the internal sovereignty vested in the States. By striking at the Constitution’s federal edifice, it has madethe very survival of the States dependent on the grace of the Union.

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Suruchi
Suruchi
10 months ago

Please share the video for the news analysis of 9th April. I cannot find it since morning on your YouTube Channel

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