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The Hindu Newspaper 11/05/2020

Map of the Day

News:-‘Collegium system ensures selection of  competent  judges

Over 68% of the advocates surveyed from  eight High Courts were of the opinion that the  collegium system of appointments — where in theSupreme Court appoints judges to itself  and the HCs —ensures the selection of the most competent judges, a report by Delhi based Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy has revealed.

A brief History of collegium:-

The ‘First Judges Case’ (1981) ruled that the “consultation” with the CJI in the matter of appointments must be full and effective. However, it rejected the idea that the CJI’s opinion, albeit carrying great weight, should have primacy. After First Judges Case Executive was Supreme in selection.

The Second Judges Case (1993) introduced the Collegium system, holding that “consultation” really meant “concurrence”. It added that it was not the CJI’s individual opinion, but an institutional opinion formed in consultation with the two senior-most judges in the Supreme Court. On a Presidential Reference for its opinion, the Supreme Court,

in the Third Judges Case (1998) expanded the Collegium to a five-member body, comprising the CJI and four of his senior-most colleagues.

2)Tying up with Todas to keep the virus at bay

Toda artisans from the Nilgiris are producing thousands of stylish, embroidered masks for local residents, police, and sanitary workers.

About TODA:- Toda people are a Dravidian ethnic group who live in the Nilgiri Mountains of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. 

The Toda traditionally live in settlements called mund, consisting of three to seven small thatched houses, constructed in the shape of half-barrels and located across the slopes of the pasture, on which they keep domestic buffalo.  

Their economy was pastoral, based on the buffalo, whose dairy products they traded with neighbouring peoples of the Nilgiri Hills.

Toda religion features the sacred buffalo.

3) Editorial of the Day :- The trends shaping the post COVID-19 world

Author has pointed out 6-7 Trends.

  1. Ascending Asia :- The first trend which became clear in the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis is the rise of Asia. Asian nations will be the first to recover after the crisis.
  2. Waning USA:- USA supremacy is bound to decrease after the crisis is over. USA has not been able to contain the crisis.
  3. Intra-European Fission:- European Countries are stuck in their own internal troubles and are facing challenges like BREXIT which might further accentuate in other nations also.
  4. Rising China:- A fourth trend, related to  the first, is the emergence of a stronger  and more assertive China. China has also utilized the Covid-19 for exporting masks and ventilators.
  5. Fading organisations:- Organisations like WHO , UNSC have lost their value as they have not been able to reply in time in this crisis situation.
  6. The energy factor:-The final trend relates  to  energy politics. Growing interest in  renewables and green technologies on  account of climate change concerns, and the U.S. emerging as amajor energy producer werefundamentally altering the energy markets . Now, a looming economic recession and depressed oil prices will exacerbate internal  tensions in West Asian countries which are  solely dependent on oil revenues. Long standing rivalries in the region have  often  led to local conflicts but can now createpolitical instability in countries where  regime structures are fragile. 

News:- NIV develops test to detect antibodies

The National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, has developed an immunological assay — enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)  —  to  detect antibodiesthat the body develops inresponse to infection by the SARSCoV2 novel corona virus. The test will detect antibodies in blood samples.  ELISA is routinely used for detecting HIV  infection.

Advantage:- It has the advantage of testing 90  samples together in a single run of 2.5 hours.

This is the first time India has developed an indigenous ELISA test for coronavirus.

Drawback :- This ELISA is detecting Antibodies but sometimes Antibodies take 21 days to appear and thus in the initial days this test might not be useful.

But it can detect those cases who have recovered since antibodies remain even after recovery.

News:- In Japan, longest-running TV cartoon show switches to re-runs

Aired every Sunday since 1969, the “Sazae-san”  show features the everyday ups and  downs  of suburban Japanese housewife Sazae andher extended family, is a household  name for many generations. 

Machiko Hasegawa, was acknowledged by Guinness World Records in 2013 as the longest running animated series, a title that had previously been attributed by the record keepingorganisation to U.S. show “The Simpsons”.

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