The Hindu Newspaper 11th April 2020

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1)Which country has become the largest arms importer in 2014–18, as per SIPRI’s latest report ‘Trends in International Arms Transfers-2018’?

[A] Saudi Arabia
[B] India
[C] Australia
[D] Pakistan

2)Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Mechi River’

  1. It is a tributary of the Brahmaputra River
  2. It is a trans-boundary river flowing through China and India

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

3)English Channel is between England and 

  1. France
  2. Spain
  3. Ireland
  4. Wales

Answer 2 Explanation:- The Mechi River is a trans-boundary river flowing through Nepal and India. It is a tributary of the Mahananda River.

Map of the Day :- Mangrove Sites in India

                         Mangrove Sites     State/Union Territories
SunderbansWest Bengal
Bhaitarkanika

Mahanadi

Subarnarekha

Devi-Kauda

Dhamra

Mangrove Genetic Resources Centre

Chilka

Orissa
Coringa East

Godavari

Krishna

Andhra Pradesh
North Andaman

Nicobar

Andaman & Nicobar
Pichavaram

Muthupet

Ramnad

Pulicat

Kaznuveli

Tamil Nadu
Vembanad

Kannur (North Kerala)

Kerala
Coondapur

Dakshin Kannada/ Hannavar

Karwar

Mangalore Forest Division

Karnataka
GoaGoa
Achra-Ratnagiri

Dev garh-Vijay

Durg

Veldur

Kundalika-Revdnada

Mumbra-Diva

Vikroli

Shreevardhan

Vaitarna

Vasai-Manori

Malvan

Maharashtra
Gulf of Kutchh

Gulf of Khambhat

Dumas-Ubhrat

Gujarat

News:- Scarcity of drugs, devices imminent, govt. warned.

A countrywide shortage of medicines and medical devices is likely in the coming weeks, the Department of Pharmaceuticals has warned the Home Ministry, urging it to take immediate steps to help drug makers resume production under the current lockdown.

2)Virus halts J&K’s ‘Durbar move’ for the first time in 144 years :-

For the first time in 144 years, the J&K administration has decided to halt the annual shifting of the capital, called ‘Durbar move’, from Jammu to Srinagar in J&K due to the ongoing COVID-19 crisis.

Introduced by Dogra monarch Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1872, the ‘Durbar move’ would see shifting of the Civil Secretariat in summers from Jammu to Srinagar and in winters from Srinagar to Jammu.

3)What is the Opec+?

What is the Opec+?

Opec+ refers to the alliance of crude producers, who have been undertaking corrections in supply in the oil markets since 2017.

OPEC plus countries include OPEC members and  Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Brunei, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Oman, Russia, South Sudan and Sudan.

What are their goals?

The Opec and non-Opec producers first formed the alliance at a historic meeting in Algiers in 2016.

The aim was to undertake production restrictions to help resuscitate a flailing market.

What is OPEC?

  • The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in Baghdad, Iraq, with the signing of an agreement in September 1960 by five countries namely Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. They were to become the Founder Members of the Organization.
  • It is a permanent, intergovernmental organization.

4) S. Korea goes to the polls despite virus

5)Angry crowd destroys UN base in Central Africa:-  UN mission in Africa is called MINUSCA.

United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (also called MINUSCA, is a UN peacekeeping mission, which started in April 10, 2014, to protect Central African Republic civilians under Chapter VII of the UN Charter.

6)About BCAS :- The Bureau of Civil Aviation Security is an attached office of the Ministry of Civil Aviation (India).

It is the regulatory authority for civil aviation security in India.

It is headed by an officer of the rank of Director general of police and is designated as Director general of Security (Civil Aviation).

The BCAS was initially set up as a Cell in the in January 1978 on the recommendation of the Pande Committee constituted in the wake of the hijacking of the Indian Airlines flight on 10 September 1976.

7)Bengal Chemicals gets COVID-19 drug boost:-

In an overnight decision, Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (BCPL) was issued a licence to manufacture hydroxychloroquine, an anti-malarial drug that is being used in the treatment of COVID-19.

The BCPL is reputed as India’s first pharmaceutical company.

Bengal Chemicals was setup by chemist and entrepreneur Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy in 1901.

8) All about BSF :-

  • BSF is primary border guarding organisation of India and termed as First Line of Defence of Indian Territories.
  • It is the sentinels of Indian borders with Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  • It came into existence on 1st December, 1965.
  • It was created by merging various State Armed Police Battalions for achieving a better coordinated synergy between the border guarding functions in peace time and fighting the war during the eventuality on both Western and Eastern fronts.
  • BSF is deployed on Indo-Pakistan International Border, Indo-Bangladesh International Border, Line of Control (LoC) along with Indian Army and in Anti-Naxal Operations.
  • Since its inception, BSF has proven its credentials during various counter insurgency and anti-militancy operations, internal security duties, natural calamities etc.
  • BSF is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of Union of India under the administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • It is mandated with guarding India’s land border during peacetime and preventing transnational crime.
  • BSF currently stands as the world’s largest border guarding force.

 

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