The Hindu Newspaper 14/06/2020

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Kharchi Puja is a festival observed in the state of

a.  Odisha

b.  Tripura

c.  Nagaland

d.  Kerala

Answer : b

Kharchi Puja, a centuries-old Puja, was recently inaugurated in Tripura’s erstwhile capital Puran Habeli.

2)Diamond Harbour is a port located in the state of –

a.  West Bengal

b.  Maharashtra

c.  Odisha

d.  Tamil Nadu

Answer : a

The Diamond Harbour in West Bengal is located at the mouth of river Hooghly.

It was recently in news as it recorded the maximum sea level increase, among the major ports in India. Diamond Harbour is followed by Kandla port in Gujarat, Haldia in West Bengal, and Port Blair on South Andaman Island.

3)The Rohingya, often seen in news, is

a.  A tribal community in Cambodia

b.  A majorly Buddhist group in Myanmar

c.  An Indo-Aryan ethnic group

d.  None of the above

Answer : c

Former U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon recently expressed concern over risks of monsoon floods threatening the lives of Rohingya refugees in camps in Bangladesh.

Rohingya are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, largely comprising Muslims, who predominantly live in the Western Myanmar province of Rakhine.


1) Nepal passes amendment on new map:- The Lower House of Nepal’s Parliament on Saturday unanimously voted for the Second Constitution Amendment Bill, which guarantees legal status for the new political map of the country that includes part of Indian territory in Uttarakhand.











What is the dispute :- The territorial dispute stems from the fact that Nepal claims the land to the east of river Kali, which
forms the country’s western border. As per Kathmandu’s understanding, the river originates from Limpiyadhura in the higher Himalayas, giving it access to a triangular shaped land defined by Limpiyadhura Lipulekh and Kalapani. India opposes the
notion and says the origin of the river is much further down, which reduces Nepal’s territorial demand.

News :- Pune firm develops digital font of P.L. Deshpande’s handwriting:-  Fans of late Marathi litterateur P.L. Deshpande,
popularly known as Pu La, can now enjoy reading his original handwriting in a digital font. The font, PuLa100, has been developed by city based social media professional Gandhar Sangoram. The font was formally unveiled and made available for readers for free
on June 12, the 20th death anniversary of the writer.

News :‘Global ranking parameters to assess institutions are skewed’:-

On three parameters, Indian institutions don’t do well. In international faculty and international students, we get zero points as they look at the ratio of Indian to international students. On facultystudent ratio also, we perform very poorly, because we only count
fulltime faculty. But in a U.S. institution, even PhD students who teach a class, teaching assistants and research assistants, are included.

Of the remaining parameters, one is research impact. We actually don’t do very badly.

Last year, we were close to the 40th rank. The rest is all perception. In India, everybody knows us, what we are doing. But how many times do you hear of an IIT in Japan or Australia or New Zealand?

Even a second tier institution in the U.S. would be perceived to be better than a top institution in India. It also goes with the image of the country.

News:- India may have under-counted cases:-

According to a research paper published in May in the ICMR’s in house Indian Journal of Medical Research describing the methodology of the survey, blood samples of 24,000 adults were examined for antibodies produced specifically for SARS COV-2 via ELISA test.











News :- Despite existence of bacteria, the levels of oxygen in Earth’s  atmosphere rose to a high only 2.4 billion years ago, known as
the Great Oxidation Event. A study published in Nature Communications finds that understanding volcanic activity is key and that the mantle’s evolution could possibly control that of life.

News:- Baby dragons :- Three rare aquatic creatures officially called proteus or olms, also known as baby dragons, are going on display in an aquarium at Slovenia’s Postojna Cave. The olms have pale pink skin, no eyesight, a long thin body and four legs.
They live only in the waters of dark caves of the southern European Karst region.

News:- Chikungunya :-Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash.

Joint pain is often debilitating and can vary in duration.

The disease shares some clinical signs with dengue and zika, and can be misdiagnosed in areas where they are common.

There is no cure for the disease. Treatment is focused on relieving the symptoms.

The proximity of mosquito breeding sites to human habitation is a significant risk factor for chikungunya.

Carrier:- Aedes Mosquito.

News:- IIT Madras study reveals metabolism of key gut microbiota:-

What is Probiotics:– Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that are good for you, especially your digestive system. We usually think of these as germs that cause diseases. But your body is full of bacteria, both good and bad. Probiotics are often called “good” or “helpful” bacteria because they help keep your gut healthy.

The human gut microbiome has a huge number of beneficial bacteria, collectively called commensals, living in it. Key among these are the bacteria of the Bifidobacterium genus. Bifidobacterium adolescentis and B. longum.

Advantages:- “Knowing which bacteria can produce acetate and lactate under a variety of conditions is very helpful. It determines
the power of these bacteria to acidify the gut and make it harder for harmful bacteria to grow,”

Editorial Explained: What must schools do before reopening?

What is Viewpoint of Public:– A growing number of parents, Right to Education activists and the Delhi government teachers’ association are calling for 2020-21 to be treated as a “zero academic year”, with no pressure to set a reopening date at all.
“Zero year” means teaching and learning will happen to the extent possible, but there will not be grading or exams or promotion to the next class. An online poll by Local Circles found that 37% of parents want to send their child to school only 21 days after there are no new cases in their districts, while another 36% say it should be three weeks after no new cases in the State or country. In fact,
13% do not want schools to restart until a vaccine is developed.

What is HRD Ministries Guideline:- HRD officials say some likely steps include temperature screening at the entrance to schools and classrooms, monitoring to ensure mask or shield wearing and social distancing, sanitisation routines to clean all furniture and facilities, isolation and hospitalisation protocols for infected students and staff as well as plans for staggered attendance and blended learning to limit the number of students on the premises on any given day.

Is online Education a Solution:- The Centre is preparing guidelines on digital education, including cybersafety. It is likely to include limiting the number of hours a child is online, with a one to three hour cap on synchronous interaction.

Currently, some schools are trying to maintain a seven hour teaching schedule, which creates stress and distraction.

Educational apps are largely in English, although multilingual apps are being developed.

Equity and access are the bigger problems with online education in India, says Minati Panda, a professor at JNU’s Zakir Husain Centre for Educational Studies. Only 11% of Indian households have a computer. Although smartphone penetration is higher, only 24% have Internet facilities, which drops to 15% in rural areas, according to the latest National Sample Survey. A single device in a household cannot help multiple children, while poor students in an economically weaker section (EWS) quota in a privileged school may be the worst hit. If a government or school wants to run an online education programme, it must ensure equal access to all

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