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The Hindu Newspaper 14th April 2020

1)In which one of the following states is Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary located?

2)In economics, ‘Externalities’ refer to

3)Which of the following action/actions can be taken by the Government to reduce the deficit budget?

  1. Reducing revenue expenditure
  2. Introducing new welfare schemes
  3. Rationalizing subsidies
  4. Reducing import duty

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

4)Which of the following measures by the government will lead to reduction in inflation?

  1. Reducing government tax collection
  2. Reducing government spending
  3. Banning the export of essential items

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 

MAP OF THE DAY :-

1)NCAER :- National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) is a New Delhi based non-profit think tank of economics.  Nandan Nilekani is president of the governing body and Dr Shekhar Shah is current director general of NCAER.  NCAER is a non-profit think tank based in New Delhi. It operates with the funds from Ministry of Finance, Ford and TATA sons. It was established in 19

2) MGNREGA jobs crash to 1% of normal:- Employment under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) has collapsed to just over 1% of the usual rate this month due to the COVID-19 lockdown.

The scheme, which guarantees 100 days of work per year at an average daily wage of ₹209, is key to providing livelihoods to poor villagers and is a backbone of the rural economy in difficult times.

3)‘Floor test is Governor’s discretion’:– A Governor can call for a floor test any time he objectively feels a government in power has lost the confidence of the House and is on shaky ground, the Supreme Court held on Monday.

In a judgment, a Bench of Justices D.Y. Chandrachud and Hemant Gupta concluded that a Governor can call for a trust vote if he has arrived at a prima facie opinion, based on objective material, that the incumbent State government has lost its majority in the Assembly.

4)‘Online child porn traffic rises by 95%‘ :– Online child pornography traffic after the lockdown in the country has gone up by 95% with online data monitoring websites showing an increase in demand for searches like “child porn”, “sexy child” and “teen sex videos.” Traffic March 24 and 26, as compared to average traffic before the lockdown,” the India Child Protection Fund (ICPF) said in a statement citing data from Pornhub, the world’s largest pornography website.

Editorial of the Day :-

Accessing justice online

Central Theme :- There are many ways in which citizens can get greater access to
justice while the burden on conventional courts is reduced

Author says the heat of lockdown is upon the courts as well, and thus keeping citizens away from justice. Technology, however, now provides us an opportunity to meet the challenge headlong.

Case Study : The Kerala High Court did exactly that on March 30, 2020. It created history by not only conducting proceedings through video conferencing but also live streaming the proceedings. The judges conducted the hearing
from their homes.

What is the Blueprint of Such Electronic System:- To achieve this, the government must establish an effective task force consisting of judges, technologists, court administrators, skill developers and system analysts to draw
up a blueprint for institutionalizing online access to justice.

Such a task force must be charged with the responsibility of establishing hardware, software and IT systems for courts; examining application of artificial intelligence benefiting from the data base generated through e-courts projects; establishing appropriate e-filing systems and procedures; and creating skill training and recognition for paralegals to understand and to help advocates and others to access the system to file their cases and add to their pleadings and documents as the case moves along.

Once the blueprint is ready, the High Courts across the country may refer the same to the Rule Committee of the High Court to frame appropriate rules to operationalize the e-court system.

Now where is the Problem :- There is scant awareness amongst the beneficiaries not only related to schemes but also Online Procedures of getting the benefit.

If all this information is provided comprehensively at the grassroots levels and made available online in as many Indian languages as possible, it could be a huge step in creating awareness.

Role of Legal Services Authority:– If there is difficulty in accessing these schemes, a system must be set in place for the applicant to lodge online complaints with the Legal Services Authorities who can then ensure accountability and effective implementation.

The other facilities that would help access to justice are online mediation, arbitration, counselling in family court matters, quick settlement of disputed insurance claims, and many more.

EDITORIAL 2:Re-imagining our economic choices

Central Theme :- For decades, human beings have chosen profits over lives. The time has come to jettison this approach.

Luddite Movement :- English textile workers in the 19th century, a radical faction which destroyed textile machinery as a form of protest. The group was protesting against the use of machinery in a “fraudulent and deceitful manner” to get around standard labour practices.

Practice social distancing? This is hardly viable for the 2% of the global population who are homeless or the 20% who lack adequate housing. Social distancing will also take a disproportionate economic toll on the informal sector, employing up to 60% of the working population globally and 90% in India.

The cure could trigger deep poverty and a food security crisis, actually endangering more lives. In this context, the first Rupees 1.7 lakh crore relief package was encouraging in its focus on ensuring food security and cash transfers
for the vulnerable.
Wash your hands? What about the 35% who lack access to sanitation?

According to UNICEF, even prior to COVID-19, diseases directly linked to lack of safe water killed
1,400 children under five.

The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme and uses health, education and standard of living indicators to determine the degree of poverty experienced by a population. It has since been used to measure acute poverty across over 100 developing countries.

Editorial 3: Ambedkar and the Poona Pact

In late September 1932, B.R. Ambedkar negotiated the Poona Pact with Mahatma Gandhi. The background to
the Poona Pact was the Communal Award of August 1932, which, among other things, reserved 71 seats in the central legislature for the depressed classes. Gandhi, who was opposed to the Communal Award, saw it as a
British attempt to split Hindus, and began a fast unto death to have it repealed.

In a settlement negotiated with Gandhi, Ambedkar agreed for depressed class candidates to be elected by a joint electorate. However, on his insistence, slightly over twice as many seats (147) were reserved for the depressed
classes in the legislature than what had been allotted under the Communal Award.

In addition, the Poona Pact assured a fair representation of the depressed classes in the public services
while earmarking a portion of the educational grant for their uplift.

 

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