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The Hindu Newspaper 14th March 2020

Questions of the Day :

1)Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Criminal Tribes Act’

  1. The term, ‘De-notified and Nomadic Tribes’, can be traced to this Act
  2. It was repealed in 1952 and the Habitual Offenders Act was enacted in its place.

Select the correct statements

A. 1 Only
B.2 Only
C.Both 1 and 2
D.Neither 1 nor 2

2)‘Mandana Paintings’ is associated with

a) Tamil Nadu
b) Rajasthan
c) West Bengal
d) Odisha

3)Snow Leopard found in its natural habitat is found in which of the following states?

1.Arunachal Pradesh
2.Uttarakhand
3.Sikkim
4.Assam
5.Himanchal Pradesh

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1, 2 and 4 only
b) 1, 2 and 5 only
c) 2, 3 and 5 only
d) 1, 2, 3 and 5

 

Factual News of the Day :- 

1)Iran seeks Financial Help from IMF first time since 1962 to fight against Corona Virus:-For the first time since 1962, Iran is seeking the help of International Monetary Fund. Since Islamic Revolution Iran stopped getting help from IMF.

Iran has been facing economic challenges due to US sanctions. After US had withdrawn from JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action), it had imposed sanctions on Iran.

In 2020, the Iran top commander Qasem Soleimani was killed by a US drone.

2)Spanish Flu: Predecessor Pandemic to Corona Virus:– In 1918, the Spanish Flu caused global pandemic. It spread indiscriminately killing more than 50 million people. 10% of the patients infected with the virus died. It is considered as the deadliest pandemic in the world history.

Though the disease was named Spanish Flu, it did not originate in Spain. It was Spain who actually discovered that the epidemic is because of a new stain of virus.

3)Animal Protection Index: India ranks second:- On March 12, 2020, Global Animal Protection Index 2020 was released by World Animal Protection, an international animal welfare charity. India was ranked 2nd in the Index.

The Animal Protection Index ranks countries from A to G. India was ranked along with Spain, Mexico, France and New Zealand.

4)‘Social distancing key to containing COVID-19’:- With the World Health Organisation declaring COVID-19 a global pandemic, the need for social distancing to prevent the spread of the infection is being underscored.

The Concept of Social Distancing :- “If you look at the normal distance between two beds in a hospital ward it will be three feet. Similarly the distance between two seats in the first class on an airline is three feet. Ever wondered why?

That’s the safe distance to maintain during respiratory illness. This is the distance to be maintained for anyone who has a cold, cough or sneeze, or some form of visible respiratory distress.

5)Centre announces Common Eligibility Test:-Applicants for jobs in railways, banks and lower levels of Central government will now write a Common Eligibility Test (CET) from 2021.

Centre will set up an autonomous National Recruitment Agency (NRA) to conduct this online test, under which, candidates can apply through a common registration portal.
“This is not merely an administrative reform, but a huge socio-economic reform as well. It aims at providing a level playing field for all candidates by removing the obstacles involved in appearing for multiple examinations.

EDITORIAL OF THE DAY :- 

The ambit and the limits of ‘diaspora diplomacy’

India has the world’s largest diaspora, about 17.5 million and receives the highest remittance of $78.6 billion from Indians living abroad (Global Migration Report 2020).

Indian diaspora not just as a part of India’s “soft power”, but a fully transferable political vote bank as well.

EDITORIAL 2:-

Temples of critical thinking and debate

Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Indian institutions improved with 26 departments or schools placed in the top 100 of their respective disciplines. Science, technology and business studies were the fields in which our universities showed their mettle. While this is a reason to celebrate, not even a single Indian university features in the QS ranking of the world’s top 150 in overall parameters.

Why Top 10 Universities have American, British and Swiss Universities:- One common factor behind the
success of the topmost universities is the freedom with which they operate.
They have been major centres of innovation in teaching and research thanks to independence from bureaucratic or corporate meddling and political intervention by parties of the day.

Professors and students are free to choose whatever opinion they prefer. No one is penalised for holding a pro-or-
anti view on social, economic, political, cultural or scientific matters.

The top universities are also excellent at attracting and retaining talent. They hire professors very selectively, based on outstanding scholarly abilities.

The world’s best universities are known for involving their own alumni in governance and reforms. Top global universities are also super-smart finance managers.

The China example:- Still, a muscular push from the government of China with massive state funding has propelled Chinese universities into the top tiers in barely two decades. In the QS world rankings on overall basis, Tsinghua University is ranked number 16, Peking University is at 22, Fudan University is at 40, and Zhejiang University is at 54. This is a miraculous leap forward.

One thing that India has done good:- The government’s decision to identify 20 Institutes of Eminence (IOEs) which will get maximum autonomy from bureaucracy in order to climb up the world rankings is a step in the right direction. The selected IOEs must innovate with new degree programmes, expanded variety of faculty members and
digital learning platforms.

6)ABOUT SAARC:- The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) was established with the signing of the SAARC Charter in Dhaka on 8 December 1985.

 

Afghanistan became the newest member of SAARC at the 13th annual summit in 2005.

The Headquarters and Secretariat of the Association are at Kathmandu, Nepal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Members:

 

MEMBERS:- 

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Bhutan

India

Maldives

Nepal

Pakistan

Sri Lanka

There are currently nine Observers to SAARC, namely: (i) Australia; (ii) China; (iii) the European Union; (iv) Iran; (v) Japan; (vi) the Republic of Korea; (vii) Mauritius; (viii) Myanmar; and (ix) the United States of America.

The SAARC Secretariat was established in Kathmandu on 16 January 1987.

SAARC comprises 3% of the world’s area, 21% of the world’s population and 3.8% (US$2.9 trillion) of the global economy.

7)RS nod for ‘Vivad Se Vishwas’ Bill:– Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020, which will give taxpayers a chance to settle tax disputes by paying their dues without any interest or penalty till March 31.

The Vivad Se Vishwas scheme waives off interest and penalty on pending tax if paid by March 31. For payments
made after March 31 and till June 30, a 10% penalty would be charged.

CAP on Dues:- 5 Crore

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