1)Consider the following statements regarding 1857 Sepoy Mutiny
- It was during the reign of Governor General Lord Dalhousie
- The mutiny did not spread to South India.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
Solution :- 1857 Sepoy Mutiny occurred during the reign of Lord Canning.
2)The Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress (1929) is very important in history, because:
- The Congress passed a resolution demanding complete independence.
- The rift between the extremists and moderates was resolved in that Session.
- A resolution was passed rejecting the two-nation theory in that Session
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
The Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress, presided over by a Moderate, Ambika Charan Majumdar, readmitted the Extremists led by Tilak to the Congress fold.
Jinnah’s Two Nations Theory came up in March 1940, whereas the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress was held in 1929
3)Consider the following statements
- Aichi biodiversity targets was adopted at the Nairobi conference of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
- The IUCN Species Programme provides advice to Parties, other governments and partners on the implementation of Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
Map of the Day :-
1)PM Modi launches “Saptapadi” to fight against COVID-19:- The 7 mantras are as follows:-
- The senior citizens and elderly have to be looked after with special care
- Social distancing and lock down rules have to be followed strictly
- The citizens should boost their immunity based on the guidelines issued by the Ministry of AYUSH.
- He has suggested to download “Aarogya Setu”.
- Provide shelter and food to the needy and the poor
- Compassion towards colleagues and avoid payment cuts and job cuts
- Showing respect to health professionals such as doctors, nurses and sanitation wokers.
2)Uttar Pradesh: First State to start Pool Testing
Under Pool Testing, if 10 samples of COVID-19 test negative, then it is an indicator that all the samples test negative. On the other hand, if the samples tested are not negative, individual testing will be done. Under pool testing, the samples will be mixed and tested.
3)Hits to Health Ministry, ICMR websites soar :-
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), New Delhi, the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest medical research bodies in the world.
First meeting of the Governing Body of the Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA) was held on November 15, 1911 (at the Plague Laboratory, Bombay, under the Chairmanship of Sir Harcourt Butler).
In 1949 IRFA was redesignated as the Indian Council of Medical Research (with Dr. C.G. Pandit as its first Director).
The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
4) Bhopal gas tragedy :- The Bhopal disaster, also referred to as the Bhopal gas tragedy, was a gas leak incident on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is considered to be the world’s worst industrial disaster.
Gas leaked : Methyl Isocyanate.
5) Vishu celebrated inSabarimala temple:- Kerala’s annual harvest festival, Vishu, was celebrated at Sabarimala strictly adhering tolockdown norms.
6) Editorials :-
Halting the march of rumours
What is a Rumor :- For a start, a rumour is an untested piece of information, opinion, report or story. Therefore, its veracity is doubtful.
What is needed to become a rumor :- Every unconfirmed account is not a rumour.
To become one, it must have other features.
First, it must have a ring of truth. Something in it must make it contextually plausible for the listener or the reader.
Second, it short circuits reason. Laced with passion, it works by seizing the collective psyche of victims.
Third important feature — it circulates rapidly.
Fourth, it manifests itself through an event. It is a passing gust, sometimes a tornado that leaves devastation in its wake butis ephemeral.
Fifth, even when deliberately planted by only a few, it derives authority largely from the mob.
In polarised societies, fear and vulnerability make rumour mongering easy.
Reasons of Rumors spread :-
First, the desire to conform gets the better of a questioning mind.
Second, ironically, a belief gets entrenched after like minded people discuss it among themselves.
Discussion has a cascading effect; the more one talks about it, the more the biased rumour grows.
Editorial 2 :-
Economic liberalisation and its faults
Central theme :- The virus reveals how dependence on private sector-led economic growth has proved to be disastrous
Disastrous Model of Globalisation deadly for even developed countries :-
In the late 1980s, transnational corporations started shifting the production base to smaller companies indeveloping countries, especially Asia, in search of cheap labour andraw materials.
Developed countries supported the move because shifting the polluting and labour intensive industries suited them as long as ownership remained with their companies.
This is why when corona came developed countries didn’t had the capabilities to manufacture even face masks and ventilators.
In India, economic liberalisation has damaged the government’s capacity in two ways.
First, it incapacitated the government to respond to emergencies based on credible information. The dismantling of the ‘Licence Raj’ resulted in the elimination of channels of information for the government, which is crucial to makeinformed policy choices.
For instance, as part of the removal of ‘Licence Raj’, the government stopped asking for information from the manufacturer to file the quantity of production of various medicines.
Second, the logic and policies of economic liberalisation seriously undermined the manufacturing capabilities of health products in India.
The shortsighted policy measures, with the objective of enhancing profitability of the private sector, allowed the import of raw materials from thecheapest sources and resulted in the debasing of the API industry, especially in essential medicine.
According to a report of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), nearly 70% of India’s API import is from China. The CII report lists nearly 58 API where the dependence is 90% to 100%.
The disruption in the supply of API due to the COVID-19 outbreak has impacted the production of not only medicines required for COVID-19 patients, but also of other essential medicines in India.
As a cost effective producer of medicines, the world is looking to India for supply, but it cannot deliver due to its dependence on China, which has also forced India to impose export restrictions on select medicines.
The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is the apex statutory body for disaster management in India.
The NDMA was formally constituted on 27th September 2006, in accordance with the Disaster Management Act, 2005 with Prime Minister as its Chairperson and nine other members, and one such member to be designated as Vice-Chairperson.
Mandate: Its primary purpose is to coordinate response to natural or man-made disasters and for capacity-building in disaster resiliency and crisis response. It is also the apex body to lay down policies, plans and guidelines for Disaster Management to ensure timely and effective response to disasters.
Vision: To build a safer and disaster resilient India by a holistic, proactive, technology driven and sustainable development strategy that involves all stakeholders and fosters a culture of prevention, preparedness and mitigation.
Functions and Responsibilities of NDMA
- Approve the National Disaster Plan
- Lay down policies on disaster management
- Approve plans prepared by Ministries or Departments of the Central Government in accordance with National Plan
- Lay down guidelines to be followed by State Authorities in drawing up State Plan
- Lay down guidelines to be followed by different Ministries or Departments of Central Government for purpose of integrating measures for disaster prevention or mitigation of its effects in their development plans and projects
- Coordinate enforcement and implementation of disaster management policy and plan
- Recommend provision of funds for the purpose of mitigation
National Executive Committee (NEC):-
A National Executive Committee is constituted under Section 8 of DM Act, 2005 to assist the National Authority in the performance of its functions.
Union Home secretary is its ex-officio chairperson.
NEC has been given the responsibility to act as the coordinating and monitoring body for disaster management, to prepare a National Plan, monitor the implementation of National Policy etc.
National Disaster response force (NDRF):-
NDRF is the specialized force for disaster response which works under the overall supervision and control of NDMA.
State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA)
Headed by Chief Minister of the respective state, SDMA lays down the policies and plans for disaster management in the state.
District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA)
Section 25 of the DM Act provides for constitution of DDMA for every district of a state.
The District Magistrate/ District Collector/Deputy Commissioner heads the Authority as Chairperson besides an elected representative of the local authority as Co-Chairperson except in the tribal areas where the Chief Executive Member of the District Council of Autonomous District is designated as Co-Chairperson.
9) CITU:-Centre of Indian Trade Unions, CITU is a National level Trade Union in India politically affiliated to the Communist Party of India (Marxist) as its trade union wing and is a spearhead of the Indian Trade Union Movement.
The Centre of Indian Trade Unions is today one of biggest assembly of workers and classes of India.
CITU is affiliated to the World Federation of Trade Unions.