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The Hindu Newspaper 16th April 2020

1)Consider the following statements about UNFCCC.

  1. The UNFCCC was adopted in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit.
  2. The UNFCCC established a framework for action to stabilise concentrations of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere.
  3. The framework sets binding limits on greenhouse gas emissions for individual countries.
  4. Nearly all member states of the United Nations have ratified the convention.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

2)Consider the following statements with regard to Olive Ridley turtles

  1. They are found in warm waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans.
  2. They are herbivores and thrive exclusively on algae and sea grasses.
  3. Odisha coast is one of the largest mass nesting sites in the world.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

3)An economy is said to have reached its highest possible efficiency when

4)Consider the following statements regarding Participatory notes.

  1. Participatory notes are instruments used for making investments in the stock markets.
  2. It is issued by a registered foreign institutional investor (FII) to an overseas investor.
  3. It is mandatory for an overseas investor to register themselves with SEBI.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Map of the Day :- 

Scandinavia :-

News :- 170 districts identified as hotspots: Health Ministry

What are Hotspots:- They defined as places with at least 15 confirmed infections or where there was an exponential rise in cases.

2) News :- India to receive normal monsoon, forecasts IMD India will likely have a normal monsoon, with achance of ‘above normal’ rain in August and September, as per the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

First we need to know what is LPA :- LPA is Long Period Average.

Period is of 50 years. (average Rainfall is taken)

Earlier for 1951-2000 , LPA was 89 cm rainfall.

Now News LPA for Period 1961-2010 is 88 Cm.

Now what is Normal, above normal and Excess rainfall:- 

normal monsoon is one when rainfall is between 96% and 104% of the LPA.

An “above normal” monsoon occurs when rainfall remains between 104% 110% of the LPA.

If the rainfall is more than 110% of the LPA, then it is called “excess”.

3)U.S. freezes WHO funding over coronavirus crisis:- U.S. President Donald Trump has ordered a freeze on funding for the WorldHealth Organization (WHO) for “mismanaging” the coronavirus crisis.

One Editorial was also related to this :-

Disastrous decision

Author Says :- halting funding at a crucial time will not only impact the functioning of the global body but also hurt humanity.

Many low and middle income countries that look up to WHO for guidance and advice, and even for essentials such astesting kits and masks, will be badly hit for no fault oft heirs.

4)For first time, Thrissur Pooram is cancelled:- Due to Covid-19 Thrissur Pooram, which had the pride of placein Kerala’s festival calendar, has been cancelled.

5)Absconding teacher held in POCSO case :-

In order to effectively address the heinous crimes of sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children through less ambiguous and more stringent legal provisions, the Ministry of Women and Child Development championed the introduction of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012.

Salient Features:-
The Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age, and regards the best interests and well-being of the child as being of paramount importance at every stage, to ensure the healthy physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of the child.

It defines different forms of sexual abuse, including penetrative and non-penetrative assault, as well as sexual harassment and pornography, and deems a sexual assault to be “aggravated” under certain circumstances, such as when the abused child is mentally ill or when the abuse is committed by a person in a position of trust or authority vis-à-vis the child, like a family member, police officer, teacher, or doctor.

People who traffic children for sexual purposes are also punishable under the provisions relating to abetment in the Act.

The Act prescribes stringent punishment graded as per the gravity of the offence, with a maximum term of rigorous imprisonment for life, and fine.

  • Earlier the Minimum punishment for penetrative Assault  Sexual Assault was 7 years, and for aggravated  penetrative sexual assault min. Punishment was 10 years.
  • Now in 2019 a POCSO amendment bill was passed in lok sabha and Rajya sabha.
  • The Bill increases the minimum punishment from seven years to ten years.  It further adds that if a person commits penetrative sexual assault on a child below the age of 16 years, he will be punishable with imprisonment between 20 years to life, with a fine.
  • Currently, the punishment for aggravated penetrative sexual assault is imprisonment between 10 years to life, and a fine.  The Bill increases the minimum punishment from ten years to 20 years, and the maximum punishment to death penalty.

Editorial of the Day :-

Cease the distractions, seize the moment

What has the Parliament decided?:- Parliament has modified its rules to reduce the salary and allowances of Members of Parliament and Ministers, and the Union Cabinet has decided to cancel the Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) for two years.

Why is Salary Cut not enough :- The 30% cut in the ₹1 lakh per month salary and the ₹27,000 cut in office and constituency allowances amount to savings of less than ₹5 crore per month.

These amounts are immaterial for the Central government with an average monthly budget of ₹2.5 lakh crore.

Criticism of MP LADS :- Other than making laws, Members of Parliamenthave two key duties.

  1. They sanction the size and allocation of the government budget.
  2. They also hold the government accountable for its work, including that of spending funds appropriately.

MPLADS brings in a conflict in both these roles.

It distracts them from allocating and monitoring the Union Budget of ₹30 lakh crore to micro-managing the constituency fund of ₹5 crore

MPLADS is typically spent on capital works at the local level such as a bus stop, hand pumps,school rooms, etc.

These fall within the domain of the panchayats and municipalities.

Members of these bodies are elected to perform an executive role. MPLADS transforms the Member of Parliament from a legislator looking at national issues to an executive solving hyperlocal problems.

After all, if Members of Parliament spend a large part of their time on work that should be done by locallevel government.

Editorial 2:- Harmonising with nature

Will the COVID-19 pandemic change theway we behave in the years ahead?

If there can be any enduring takeaway from the cost imposed by COVID19, it must be that our much vaunted modern and technologically sophisticated society can behumbled by nature operating at its most microscopic scale.

Earlier there was Naturalization of Humans I.e Human Beings transforming as per nature, now it was Humanization of Nature, I.e nature being transformed as per Humans.

Nature has endowed us :- NASA’s Voyager mission to explore the edge of the solar system would have been impossible with even the most powerful rockets, without leveraging the slingshot manoeuvre using the gravitational fields of planets along the way.

The growing appeal of renewable power generation stems from thefact that it can harness nature without damaging it.

8)Outdated census data keep 10 cr. out of PDS: economists

Over 10 crore people have been excluded from the Public Distribution System because outdated 2011 census data is being used to calculate Statewise National Food Security Act (NFSA) coverage, according to economistsJean Dreze and Reetika Khera.

How ??:- Under the NFSA, the PDSis supposed to cover 75% ofthe population in rural areasand 50% of the population in urban areas, which worksout to 67% of the total population, using the rural-urban-population ratio in 2011.

India’s population was about 121 crore in 2011 and so PDS covered approximately 80 crore people.

However, applying the 67% ratio to a projected population of 137 crore for 2020, PDS coverage today shouldbe around 92 crore.

So 12 crore left.

 

 

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