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The Hindu Newspaper 20th March 2020

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Questions of the Day :-

1) Yuelu Proclamation is related to

a) Protection of linguistic diversity
b) Protection of indigenous people
c) Protection of intellectual property
d) Protection of LGBT community

2)Consider the following statements.

  1. He was sentenced to death for the Kakori conspiracy of 1925.
  2. He was associated with Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
  3. He was disillusioned with the Gandhiji’s withdrawal of non-cooperation movement.
    The above statements refer to

a) Potti Sreeramulu
b) Ashfaqullah Khan
c) Khudiram Bose
d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

3)Consider the following statements.

  1. He was given the title Lion of Punjab.
  2. He was known for his just and secular rule.
  3. He turned Harimandir Sahib at Amritsar into the Golden Temple by covering it with gold.The above statements are related to which personality

a) Banda Singh Bahadur
b) Amarinder Singh
c) Maharaja Kharak Singh
d) Ranjit Singh

Factual News of the Day :-

What is Greenco Rating System followed in India?

Ministry of Railways presented the details of Greenco System in the country in Lok Sabha. As on 2018, 42 Railway Production units have implemented Greenco rating.

The Greenco Certification or rating is provided by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

The factors considered while providing the certification is greenhouse gas mitigation; zero waste; recycling and material conservation; world class energy efficiency and toxicity reduction.

The Greenco rating was acknowledged in the INDC (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions) submitted by India to United Nations Framework Convention on climate change in 2015.

2)Supreme Court removed a state minister over Disqualification petition:– On March 18, 2020, for the first time in its history, the Supreme Court removed the Manipur Minister Thounaojam Shyamkumar Singh from the state cabinet. The apex court has also been restrained him from entering the Legislative assembly.

According to the Article 212, the courts in India including Supreme Court cannot interfere in the proceedings of the Legislature of state.

SC, the apex court has invoked Article 142 and has removed the minister from the cabinet.

The SC also said that the speaker is to act as a tribunal in cases of disqualification petition under the tenth schedule.

The Disqualification petitions against the minister was pending before the speaker of the Manipur Assembly since 2017. But the speaker has not done anything about it.

Article 142 :– The Supreme Court under the article 142 can pass an order doing “complete justice” to matter pending before it.

An Editorial was also on this Topic Also , so let’s see what the Editorial said about it :-

In a landmark judgment S.C  ruled that courts have the power to fix a time frame for Speakers to dispose of petitions under the anti-defection law.

In the Manipur case, the court had given a reasonable period of four weeks — the defection complaintis pending since 2017 — but the Speaker failed to complywith it.

So as per author the Court was justified in removing the Minister.

Possible Critiques of the Move :-The possible objections to the order keeping the Minister out are twofold:

  1. that it goes beyond the court’s power of judicial review, and
  2. that any intervention in a matter under the Tenth Schedule of the Constitution(the antidefection law) can be made only after the Speaker’s final decision.

Also the Author highlighted that In any case,  ‘failure to exercise jurisdiction’ is a stage at which the court can intervene.

3)“Innovate for Accessible India” Campaign launched by NASSCOM along with Microsoft :- The NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Service Companies) recently launched the “Innovate for Accessible India” campaign along with Microsoft India.

The other partners of the initiative include Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities.

The Initiative aims to sort out issues of Divyangs (physically challenged) with the help of Artificial Intelligence and Microsoft Cloud and other technologies. It will cover 21 disabilities.

Editorial of the Day :- 

Giving Human Rights Commissions more teeth

Basic argument of the Author is that NHRC / SHRC does not have enough power to give justice to the victims of Human Rights Violation. More power should be given to these bodies so that there recommendations become an obligation on the state.

Section 18 of the Protection of Human Rights Act empowers the Human Rights Commission to “recommend” to the concerned government to grant compensation to the victim, to initiate prosecution against the erring state authorities, to grant interim relief, and to take various other steps.

The key question revolves around the meaning of the word “recommend.”

Critiques of these Human Rights Bodies :-

  • There have been the usual critiques of the politicisation of autonomous bodies,
  • and selectiveness.
  • Even more than that, however, it has been alleged that for all intents and purposes, the Human Rights Commissions are toothless: at the highest, they play an advisory role, with the government left free to disobey or evendisregard their findings.

Way Forward: A Full Bench of the High Court will be deciding upon whether “recommendations” made by the Human Rights Commissions are binding upon their respective State (or Central) governments, or whether the government is entitled to reject or take no action upon them.

5)National tag for ayurveda institute soon:- The Lok Sabha on Thursday passed a Bill that will accord the Jamnagar based Institute of Teaching and Research in Ayurveda the status of ‘institution of national importance’ by clubbing the cluster of ayurveda institutes at the Gujarat Ayurveda University campus in Jamnagar.

6)Anil Ambani appears before ED

Let’s learn Something about ED :-

It is economic intelligence and law enforcement agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.

It functions under aegis of Department of Revenue, Union Ministry of Finance.

Its prime objective is enforcement of two key Acts of Government of India namely:

Foreign Exchange Management Act 1999 (FEMA) and

Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA)

to check money laundering by curb black money and hawala trade cases.

It is composed of officers from the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service.

It was established in 1956 as ‘Enforcement Unit’ in Department of Economic Affairs.

It is headquartered in New Delhi.

7)Defence Ministry placesorder for 16,479 Negev LMG

Negev 7.62X51 mm LMG (Light Machine Gun)is a combat proven weapon and currently used by several countries and would greatly enhance the lethality and range of a soldier compared to the presently used weapon.

 

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