The Hindu Newspaper 21/05/2020

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Consider the following statements with respect to Geological Survey of India (GSI)

  1. It is a premier organisation for mineral exploration and baseline surveys under Minsitry of Earth Science.

2. It is the nodal agency for organizing the International Geological Congress (IGC) 2020.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.   1 only

b.   2 only

c.   Both 1 & 2

d.   Neither 1 nor 2

2)Consider the following statements with respect to Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

  • The FATF is a policy-making body which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms.
  • The FATF’s decision making body, the FATF Plenary, meets three times per year.
  • The FATF Secretariat is located at the OECD headquarters in Paris.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.   1 and 2 only

b.   2 and 3 only

c.   1 and 3 only

d.   1,2 and 3 only

3)The Happiness Curriculum in schools which was in news was implemented in

a.   Kerala

b.   Punjab

c.   Madhya Pradesh

d.   Delhi

Recently, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) said there has been no discovery of gold deposits estimated to be around 3,000 tonnes in Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh.

The GSI is a government organisation in India, attached to the Ministry of Mines for conducting geological surveys and studies.

Its main function is related to creation and updation of national geoscientific information and mineral resource assessment.

India is set to host the 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) during the first week of March 2020.

The theme for next year conference is ‘Geosciences: The Basic Science for a Sustainable Development’.

IGC is is popularly described as ‘Olympics of Geosciences’.

GSI is is the nodal agency for organizing the IGC 2020.

The event is being funded by Ministry of Mines (MoM) and Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), with support of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and National Science Academies of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

2) Solution:- Recently, Pakistan retained on ‘grey list’ and Iran in ‘black list’ of FATF.

A country is put on the grey list when it fails to curb terrorism financing and money laundering.

A country on a blacklist means shutting all doors to international finance for that country.

FATF is an Inter-governmental body established in 1989 during the G7 Summit.

Its Secretariat is located at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) headquarters in Paris.

The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system. 

The FATF is therefore a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in these areas.

The FATF’s decision making body, the FATF Plenary, meets three times per year.

News:- Nepal’s new political map unacceptable, says India Nepal’s new official map is “artificial” and unacceptable  to India, the Ministry of External Affairs said after 

Kathmandu unveiled a new political map that claimed Kalapani, Limpiyadhura and Lipulekhof Uttarakhand as part of its sovereign territory. 

News:- Russian team at Kudankulam toaddress problems in generator

A seven member Russian technocrat team reached the Kudankulam  Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP) site  to inspect  the ‘unusual vibrations’  in thegenerator section of the second reactor that has  temporarily  hampered  the operation of the reactor at itsmaximum power generation capacity of 1,000 MWe. The Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL) isoperating 2 x 1,000 MWeVVER reactors at Kudankulam with Russian assistance.

About NPCIL :- The Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) is an Indian public sector undertaking based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It is wholly owned by the Government of India and is responsible for the generation of nuclear power for electricity. NPCIL is administered by the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).

1987 founded under 1956 companies Act.

NPCIL was the sole body responsible for constructing and operating India’s commercial nuclear power plants till setting up of BHAVINI Vidyut Nigam) in October 2003. As of 10 August 2012 the company had 21 nuclear reactors in operation at seven locations, a total installed capacity of 6780 MWe.

News:- NSD takes part of its syllabus online :

National School of Drama (or NSD) is a theatre training institute situated at New Delhi, India. It is an autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture, Government of India. It was set up in 1959 by the Sangeet Natak Akademi and became an independent school in 1975.

In 2005 it was granted deemed university status, but in 2011 it was revoked.

Bharat Rang Mahotsav (BRM):

It is the annual international theatre festival of India organized by the National School of Drama (NSD).

It was established two decades ago to stimulate the growth and development of theatre across India.

First time it was organized in 1999.

News:- AB- PMJAY – The flagship scheme ofthe Union government provides a cover of up to ₹5 lakh a family a year for secondary  and tertiary care hospitalisation.

The National HealthAuthority (NHA), mandatedto implement ABPMJAY.

News:- Oslo Accords are a series of agreements between Israel aknd the Palestinians signed in the 1990s.

Oslo I (1993) is formally known as the Declaration of Principles (DOP). The pact established a timetable for the Middle East peace process. It planned for an interim Palestinian government in Gaza and Jericho in the West Bank.

Oslo II is officially called the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and Gaza (1995), expanded on Oslo I.

It included provisions for the complete withdrawal of Israeli troops from six West Bank cities and about 450 towns.

Additionally, the pact set a timetable for elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council.

The interim pact was only supposed to last five years while a permanent agreement was finalised but it has tacitly been rolled over for more than two decades.

The question of Jerusalem was left undecided under the Oslo Accords.

News:- IIT-Guwahati takes ‘Trojan horse’ route to fight  Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer is disease where the person forgets and remain confused. The cause of Alzheimer’sis the accumulation of  amyloid beta peptides in thebrain.

Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati (IITG)  have, after afive year study, arrived at methods  for preventing the accumulation of neurotoxic molecules in the brain,which leads to memory loss.

One is the use of “trojan peptides” that does what the Trojan horse did for the ancient Greeks in their victoryover Troy. 

The other is the application of a low voltage electric field toward preventing amyloid plaques from aggregating to cause memory loss.

Editorial of the Day :Grasping the defence self-reliance nettle 

Author highlights the good poi ts in the recent changes regarding defence procurement.

  • The push for Self reliance is great and was much needed.
  • Increasing FDI through automatic route from. 49% to 74% can attract more players and increase efficiency.
  • Defence Procurement t Policy 2020 is under way and that should be made for Local production of defence items.
  • Negative lists which tells that few defence equipments can’t be imported is a great step as it will boost confidence inside the local manufacturers.

Author Says that To give private industry a level playing field for developing defence technologies,  conflicts of interest, created by the role of our Defence Research and Development Organisation  (DRDO) as the government’s sole adviser, developer  and evaluator of technologies have to be addressed. 

Editorial 2 :- How public health boosts an economy

Here the author says planned, judicious, effective investment in health sector can boost not just health but economy too.

Baumol Hypothesis:- First author tells about Baumol who labels healthcare sector as a ‘cost disease’ which means cost is huge benefit is less.

Many expert reports and WHO commission on Macroeconomics have pointed out that investment in health can give 10-20 times economic returns.

The services renderedby public health are far too  valuable to be dismissed as a cost disease.  Indeed, both population based public health and  individual centred healthcare are joint accounts in  human development that yield rich returns for  economic development, if invested wisely.

India can benefit :- India, in particular, stands to gaing reatly by investing in health, especially health beyond  illness care.

 Productivity boost promised by a demographically  young population can be protected. 

Education and skilling of a diversified health  workforce canuplift health services for health  protection at both population and individual levels. 

When domestic needs are met, this expanded health  workforce can also meet global health needs, both as  a rapid action force for health emergency response  and as a unit taking care of the chronic care needs  of aged societies. 

Innovative health technologies and inexpensive  pharmaceutical products can be created at scale,  for domestic use and global export.

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