The Hindu Newspaper 22nd March 2020

‘Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)’ is associated with

a) Diamonds
b) Terbium
c) Yttrium
d) Uranium

‘SAANS’ campaign is associated with

a) Breast Feeding
b) Pneumonia
c) Rotavirus
d) Menstrual Hygiene

Recently, two varieties of tea, Green Tea and White Tea received GI Tags. It belongs to which of the following States?

a) West Bengal
b) Assam
c) Tamil Nadu
d) Tripura

Factual News of The Day :-

3)March 22: World Water Day:- Every year since 1993, World Water Day is being celebrated on March 22. It is being celebrated to spread the importance of fresh water.

The main purpose of World Water Day is to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6. This includes Water and Sanitation for all by 2030. The day began in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. At the conference, the UN passed a resolution to observe World Water Day.

2)Satyarup Siddhanta”, an Indian Mountaineer enters ‘Limca Book of Records’ conquering highest volcanoes:- The Indian Mountaineer Satyarup Siddhanta has entered ‘Limca Book of Records’.

He has set the record of becoming the first Indian to climb the highest volcanoes in the world of all the 7 continents.

Satyarup Siddhanta has conquered the following highest volcanoes of 7 continents

Mt Kilimanjaro, Africa (5,895 m)

Mount Elbrus, Europe (5,642 m)

Mt Pico de Orizaba, North America (5,636 m)

Mt Giluwe, Australia (4,367 m)

Mt Sidley, Antarctica (4,285 m)

Mt Ojos del Salado, South America (6,893 m)

Mt Damavand, Asia (5,610 m)

3)Bridge Constructed across Teesta River in North Sikkim by BRO opened:- On March 21, 2020, the Borders Road Organization opened a 360 feet long bridge across Teesta river. The bridge was constructed by BRO under Project Swastik.

Teesta river flows through the states of West Bengal and Sikkim. It flows into Bay of Bengal after traversing through Bangladesh. It is a tributary of the Jamuna river (Brahmaputra).

In 1983, Teesta river sharing agreement was signed between India and Bangladesh.

According to the agreement, 39% of waters is to be shared by India and 36% water by Bangladesh.  Later in 1984, India’s share was increased to 42.5% and Bangladesh’s to 37.5%.

4)Centre likely to postponeCensus and NPR exercise:- Due to Covid-19

Census First : 1872 (Lord Mayo)

First Official Census : 1881 (Lord Ripon)

There are two phases in Census :-

  1. HOUSE Enumeration
  2. Population Enumeration

NPR means National Population register which includes the name of all the residents. The residents are persons who have lived in India for 6 month or are going to live in India for the upcoming 6 month.

It is not the first time NPR is going to take place, NPR has already taken place in 2010, updated in 2015.

NPR is going to take place with the First phase of Census I.e House Enumeration.

5)News:- Mass nesting of olive ridleys begins at Rushikulya 

Vulnerable — IUCN Red list

Habitat — warm and tropical waters of primarily in the Pacific, Indian Ocean and  Atlantic ocean.

Gets name from its olive colored carapace, which is heart-shaped and rounded

Arribadas — synchronized nesting in mass numbers,

Operation Olivia — Olive Ridely Turtle protection program undertaken byIndian Coast Guard

  • mating and breeding season — winter
  • mostly carnivorous, feeding on such creatures as jellyfish, snails, crabs, and shrimp. They will occasionally eat algae and seaweed

Threats:-

  • Poaching for their meat, shell and leather, and their eggs
  • Pet trading
  • Accidental killing of adult turtles through entanglement in trawl nets and gill nets due to uncontrolled fishing during their mating season around nesting beaches
  • Development and exploitation of nesting beaches for ports, and tourist centres
  • Predators like feral dogs and pigs, ghost crabs, snakes etc
  • Light pollution
  • Ingestion of marine debris that causes perforation of the digestive system and exposure to chemicals and hence death.

Nesting sites in India:-

  • Hope Island of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (Andra Pradesh)
  • Gahirmatha  beach (Odisha)
  • Astaranga coast(Odisha)
  • Beach of Rushikulya River
  • Devi River mouth

6)More defections likely in M.P :-

All about Defections:- 

What is the anti-defection law?

The Tenth Schedule was inserted in the Constitution in 1985. It lays down the process by which legislators may be disqualified on grounds of defection by the Presiding Officer of a legislature based on a petition by any other member of the House.

A legislator is deemed to have defected if he either voluntarily gives up the membership of his party or disobeys the directives of the party leadership on a vote. This implies that a legislator defying (abstaining or voting against) the party whip on any issue can lose his membership of the House.  The law applies to both Parliament and state assemblies.

Are there any exceptions under the law?

Yes, legislators may change their party without the risk of disqualification in certain circumstances. The law allows a party to merge with or into another party provided that at least two-thirds of its legislators are in favour of the merger. In such a scenario, neither the members who decide to merge, nor the ones who stay with the original party will face disqualification.

Decision of the Presiding Officer is subject to judicial review .

Recently supreme court gave the Judgement that Courts can fix the timeline for the speaker to decide on Disqualification Petition.

7)India, France conduct joint patrols from Reunion Island:

India and France have conducted joint patrols from theReunion Island for the first time, signalling New Delhi’s intent to engage with friendly foreign partners in expanding its footprint on theIndian Ocean, focusing onthe stretch between the East African coastline and the Malacca straits.

Réunion Island, a French department in the Indian Ocean, is known for its volcanic, rainforested interior, coral reefs and beaches.

About IFC-IOR:- The center was inaugurated in 2018. It links all the coastal radars to create a seamless real – time picture to cover the entire stretch of 7,500 km.

It was established at the Navy IMAC, Gurgram. IMAC is Information Management and Analysis Center.

8)An Italian tragedy in the making:-

Q.Why is the Mediterranean country the worsthit by COVID-19

2 reasons have been mentioned:-

i) Relatively Older Age of the Italian population Average age is 45+ , corona is affecting older population more.

ii)Strained Health Sysytem of Italy.

9)The rupee’s plunge:-

Rupee is getting weaker day by day. Reached a new low of Rs.75.05 against $1.

Reasons :-

1) Investors are pulling their investment since due to corona effect they want to hold their liquidity.

Whenever dollar will be more in maker , rupee will grow stronger, when dollar decreases from market follow will become stronger.

This is the time when people are pulling out their dollar from market hence , dollar is growing stronger day by day.

 

 

 

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: