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The Hindu Newspaper 23rd April 2020

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1) Which of the following is/are the principal tributaries of the Brahmaputra River?

  1. Hindon
  2. Lohit
  3. Sindh
  4. Subansiri
  5. Dibang

Select the correct answer code:

2)Which of the following crops require moderate temperature and rainfall during growing season and bright sunshine at the time of harvest?

3)With reference to Nitrogen Cycle, the biological oxidation of ammonia to nitrite takes place in which of the following process?

Map of the Day :- Political and Physical map of Italy

News:- Attacks on health workers to attract up to 7 years in prison

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the promulgation of an ordinance to amend the Epidemic Diseases
Act, 1897, making acts of violence against medical staff a cognisable and non-bailable offence and to provide
compensation for injury to healthcare personnel or for damage or loss to property.

The ordinance proposes that in cases of attacks on healthcare workers, the investigation will be completed
within 30 days and the final decision arrived at within one year.
The punishment for such attacks will be three months to five years and fine Rs.50000-Rs.2 Lakhs.

In severe cases, where there are grievous injuries, the punishment will be six months to seven years and the fine  Rs.1 Lakh to Rs.5 Lakhs.

2) Godavari River System:-

The Godavari River rises from Trimbakeshwar in the Nashik district of Maharashtra about 80 km from the Arabian Sea at an elevation of 1,067 m.

  • The left bank tributaries are more in number and larger in size than the right bank tributaries.
  • The Manjra (724 km) is the only important right bank tributary. It joins the Godavari after passing through the Nizam Sagar.
  • Left Bank Tributaries: Dharna, Penganga, Wainganga, Wardha, Pranahita [conveying the combined waters of Penganga, the Wardha and Wainganga], Pench, Kanhan, Sabari, Indravati etc.
  • Right Bank Tributaries: Pravara, Mula, Manjra, Maner etc.
  • Below Rajahmundry, the river divides itself into two main streams, the Gautami Godavari on the east and the Vashishta Godavari on the west and forms a large delta before it pours into the Bay of Bengal.

3) Jagtial Mango:- The ‘Benishan’ or Banganapalli variety of the king of fruits, which is widely grown in Jagtial district, is witnessing a slump in sales due to the nationwide lockdown. Marketed as “Jagtial mango  – Telangana”.

4)

Editorial of the Day :-

A time for planetary solidarity

Author says :- Rather than fortress worlds, nations need to focus on building shared programmes of knowledge and collective welfare.

The drastic reduction in flights, has affected the airline industry adversely but also highlighted the fact that many flight trips during ‘normal’ times are in fact unnecessary.

For a sizeable fraction of the workforce, conducting tasks from home ought to be encouraged, better organised and provide more freedom for people, not less.

It should be the norm in many sectors and people could work from home at least half the time, thus reducing travel needs, reducing green house gas emissions, and simplifying child care and other domestic services.

Online schooling and college education without paywalls is already available, but if it were expanded to develop open access schools and universities, the scam of high admissions fees can be altogether eliminated.

In addition,social measures must be strengthened to protect the health and safety of the poorest. \ Public hospitals need to be improved andhave the capacity to respond to pandemics and related crises.

Access to care in the emergency and beyond should be equally available to all. By focussing on the delivery of basic services, we will discover new opportunities for equitable action.

Editorial 2:- The village is still relevant

Central Theme:- As the pandemic crisis shows, villages have a right to flourish as habitations with their own distinctive future.

For a long time, a view had been gathering support that villages were no more viable as sites of public investment. A generalised logic had surfaced to justify and there by encourage emigration from rural areas to cities.

According to this logic, providing basic amenities such as running water, electricity and jobs to rural people becomes easier if they move to a city.

No serious public investment could be made in villages. Even as medical education and teacher training became increasingly privatised, the availability of qualified doctors and teachers willing to work in villages dwindled.

The novel coronavirus has demonstrated how unsustainable this socio economic arrangement was, apart from being ethically indefensible. It was characterised by sharp and growing regional disparities.

Solution:Acknowledge the right of villages to flourish as human habitations with their own distinctive future.

They deserve to have new sites and forms of livelihood.

They also deserve systems of health and education that are not designed as feeders to distant centres.

Initiatives in this direction will make both cities and villages more sustainable and capable of coping with the kind of crisis weare currently facing.

Editorial 3:Pre retirement judgments and post retirement jobs 

Independence to Judiciary :- Chapter 4 of Part V of the Constitution deals with the Supreme Court, and Chapter 5 of Part VI deals with the High Courts.

  • The salaries of judges and their age of retirement are all guaranteed in order to secure their independence.
  • They cannot be easily removed except by way of impeachment under Articles 124(4)and 217(1)(b).
  • They have the power to review legislation and strike it down.
  • They can also question the acts of the executive.

All this makes it clear that the framers of the Constitution envisaged an unambitious judiciaryfor which the only guiding values were theprovisions of the Constitution.

What after Retirement :- It was thought that on retirement from high constitutional office, judges would lead a retired life.

Nobody ever expected them to accept plum posts.

But the clear demarcation between the judiciary and executive got blurred as many judges over the years began to accept posts offered by the government.

A few years ago, a former Chief Justice of India(CJI) was made a Governor by the ruling BJPgovernment.

Now, we have the case of a former CJI, Ranjan Gogoi, being nominated by the President to the Rajya Sabha and taking oath as Member of Parliament.

A bare reading of Article 80(3) of the Constitution only envisages the President to nominate “persons having special knowledge… in literature, science, art and social service” as members to the Rajya Sabha.

It is difficult to imagine that the Constitution makers had in mind a retired CJI while framing this provision.

Solution:- Appointments of persons who have held constitutional office will undermine the very constitutional values of impartiality in the dispensation of justice.

It will also go against the clear demarcation of separation of powers. It is true that there are no rules which stood in Justice Gogoi’s way of being appointed to the Rajya Sabha.

But such matters cannot be left to the individual vagaries of judges. If post retirement appointments are going to undermine confidence in the judiciary and in constitutional democracy, it is time to have a law in placeeither by way of a constitutional amendment or a parliamentary enactment barring such appointments.

This is the only way to secure the confidence of the people and prevent postretirement appointments.

7) News:- No 100% quota for tribal teachers: SC

A five judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court held it unconstitutional to provide 100% reservation for tribal teachers in schools located in Scheduled Areas across the country.

The S.C said :- “It is an obnoxious idea that tribals only should teach the tribals. When there are other local residents, why they cannot teach is not understandable.

The action defies logic and is arbitrary.

Merit cannot be denied in toto by providing reservation,”

The court referred to the Indira Sawhney judgment, which caps reservation at 50%.

8) Centre, State can fix sugarcane price, says SC:-

A Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court held that both the Central and State governments have the power to fix theprice of sugarcane under the Concurrent List of the Constitution.

However, the five judge Bench, led by Justice Arun Mishra, said that even though a State cannot fix a “minimum price” if theCentre has already fixed it, the State is always welcometo fix the “advised price.

The advised or remunerative price shall be higherthan the minimum price in accordance with the provisions of the Sugarcane (Control) Order, 1966, issued under Section 16 of the Uttar Pradesh Sugarcane (Regulation of Supply and Purchase) Act, 1953.

9)Global remittances will see a sharp fall: WB

Global remittances are projected to experience their sharpest decline in recent times — 20% — owing to migrants losing jobs and wages because of the COVID-19pandemic, the World Bank Group said in a report.

The pandemic and declining oil prices are likely to reduce remittances from the U.S., the U.K., and EU countries to South Asia, resulting in a projected fall of 22% in remittances to $109 billion.

This is in stark contrast to 2019 when they grew by 6.1%.

 

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