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The Hindu Newspaper 23rd March 2020

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Questions of the Day :-

1)National income does not include

  1. Income from government expenditure.
  2. Payments by the households to firms for the purchase of goods and services.
  3. Undistributed profits.
  4. Earnings of shareholders from the sale of shares.

2)Koodiyattam’, a Sanskrit theatre form performed in the state of 

  1. Karnataka
  2. Kerala
  3. Tamil Nadu
  4. Andhra Pradesh

3)Kalbeliya is Performed in

A)Rajasthan
B)Punjab
C)Karnataka
D)Maharashtra

4)Jorwe Culture ??? :—– Maharashtra

5)Under the constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental
duty?
a) To develop the scientific temper.
b) To safeguard public property.
c) To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals.
d) To vote in public elections.

6)Which is the Indian classical dance form that got revitalised as a result of the fusion
of Mughal influence with Indian culture?
a) Kathak
b) Kuchupudi
c) Manipuri
d) Odissi

FACTUAL NEWS OF THE DAY :- 

1)World Cities Summit:– The World Cities Summit was recently postponed due to the threat of Corona Virus.

The summit that is to be held in Singapore has been postponed to June 20, 2021.

The Summit is an international conference that brings together policy makers to identify innovative solutions to cities that are facing challenges.
Theme: Liveable and Sustainable Cities: Adapting to a Disrupted World.

2)RAISE 2020:– The GoI has postponed the first artificial intelligence summit of the country called RAISE to October 2020.

NITI Aayog established computing platform called AIRAWAT (Artificial Intelligence Research, Analytics and Knowledge Assimilation Platform).

It is a cloud computing platform that aims to make India a pioneer amongst emerging economies in sectors such as agriculture, education, health, urbanization and Mobility.

3)Global Recycling Day:- Every year, March 18 is celebrated as Global Recycling Day. The Recyclables are called the “Seventh Resource”.

Global Recycling Day is being organized by Global Recycling Foundation. This year, it operates under the theme Theme: Recycling Heroes

What are the 6-primary resource?

With the recyclables are called the seventh resource, the other six primary resources include water, oil, air, coal,natural gas and mineral.

4)IIT-D team develops cheaper COVID-19 test:-Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology here have developed a method to detect COVID-19 that can significantly reduce the test cost, making it affordable for large
sections.
The National Institute of Virology, Pune, is in the process of validating this test on clinical samples. The “probe-free detection assay” has been optimised and tested for sensitivity at the research laboratories of IIT.

About NIV, Pune :-

The National Institute of Virology, Pune is an Indian virology research institute, and one of the translational science cells part of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). It was previously known as ‘Virus Research Center’ and was founded in collaboration with the Rockefeller Foundation. It has been designated as a WHO H5 reference laboratory for SE Asia region.

The Virus Research Center (VRC), Pune came into existence in 1952 under the joint auspices of the ICMR and the Rockefeller Foundation, as a part of the global programme of investigations on the arthropod-borne group of viruses.

VRC was re-designated as the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in 1978.

NIV is also the National Monitoring Centre for:-

  • Influenza,
  • Japanese encephalitis,
  • Rota,
  • Measles,
  • Hepatitis and
  • Coronavirus.

6)Banks to provide only essential services:-With several States announcing complete lockdown to fight the Covid-19 the Financial sector is also responding with reduced timings in branches and providing only essential services.
The Indian Banks’ Association (IBA) has said banks will only provide essential services from Monday.
They will provide only services such as cash deposit and withdrawal, clearing of cheques, remittances and government transactions.

About IBA:- Indian Banks’ Association (IBA), formed on 26 September 1946 as a representative body of management of banking in India operating in India – an association of Indian banks and financial institutions based in Mumbai.

With an initial membership representing 22 banks in India in 1946, IBA currently represents 237 banking companies operating in India. IBA was formed for development, coordination and strengthening of Indian banking, and assist the member banks in various ways including implementation of new systems and adoption of standards among the members.

Editorial of the Day :- Picking up the quantum technology baton

What is Quantum : In physics, a quantum (plural quanta) is the minimum amount of any physical entity (physical property) involved in an interaction.

Quantum mechanics was developed in the early 20th century to describe nature in the small — at the scale of atoms and elementary particles.

Over the next five years she proposed spending ₹8000 crore on a National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications.

Advantages of Quantum :- Besides Super computing, exploring the quantum world promises other dramatic applications including the creation of novel materials, enhanced metrology, secure communication, to name just a few.

For example, China recently demonstrated secure quantum communication links between terrestrial stations and
satellites.

Chanllenges:- A system composed of carefully designed building blocks called quantum bits or qubits. These qubits tend to be very fragile and lose their “quantumness” if not controlled properly, and a careful choice of materials, design and engineering is required to get them to work.

On the theoretical front lies the challenge of creating the algorithms and applications for quantum computers.

Challenges For India :-

  1. Not Enough Funds
  2. Not Enough Skills
  3. Not enough Flexibility

Way Forward:-

i) More Private Participation should be there

ii) Its good that Budget this year has focussed on Quantum.

8)What is ATF– Jet fuel, aviation turbine fuel (ATF), or avtur, is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines. It is colorless to straw-colored in appearance.

9)Isolation is India’s best weapon: ICMR

About ICMR:-

ICMR is India’s apex scientific body for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research.

It was established in 1911 as Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA) making it one of oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.

The ICMR functions under Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

It is headquartered in New Delhi.

Its Governing Body is presided over by Health Minister.

It is assisted in scientific and technical matters by Scientific Advisory Board comprising eminent experts in different biomedical disciplines.

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