The Hindu Newspaper 24/05/2020

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1)Consider the following statements with respect to World Health Organisation (WHO)

  1. Its secretariat is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
  2. World Health Assembly is the supreme decision-making body of WHO, attended by delegations from all member states.
  3. Every year, April 7 is celebrated as “World Health Day” to commemorate the enforcement of WHO’s Constitution in 1948.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  • a.  1 and 3 only
  • b.  1 and 2 only
  • c.  2 and 3 only
  • d.  1, 2 and 3

Solution : Answer : d

  • WHO’s Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 – a date which was celebrated every year as World Health Day.
  • WHO is the first global health organization, replacing many regional and national health bodies.
  • It has 194-member countries, and its secretariat is in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • It has the authority of directing and coordinating matters related to International health.
  • World Health Assembly is the supreme decision-making body of WHO, attended by delegations from all member states.
  • The Executive Board of WHO implements the decisions and policies of the World Health Assembly.

World Health Assembly

  • It is the forum through which WHO is governed by its 194 member states.
  • It is the world’s highest health policy setting body and is composed of health ministers from member states.
  • The members of the World Health Assembly generally meet every year in May in Geneva, the location of WHO Headquarters. 
  • The main functions of the World Health Assembly are to determine the policies of the Organization, appoint the Director-General, supervise financial policies, and review and approve the proposed program budget.

2)State of the World’s Nursing Report, 2020 was recently published by?

  • a.  Nurses International
  • b.  International Council of Nurses
  • c.  Sustainable Development Solutions Network
  • d.  All of the above

The report was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) in partnership with the International Council of Nurses (ICN) and Nursing Now.

3)Consider the following statements with respect to Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP)

  1. It is a campaign launched by the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses. 
  2. National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is the implementation agency for PMBJP.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : d

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP)

  • It is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses.
  • PMBJP stores have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.
  • It was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals in November 2008 under the name Jan Aushadi Campaign.
  • Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementation agency for PMBJP.
  • The Main objective of the scheme includes making quality medicines available at affordable prices for all, particularly the poor and disadvantaged, through exclusive outlets “Jan Aushadhi Medical Store”, so as to reduce out of pocket expenses in healthcare.

Map of the Day :- Cotton and jute Producing Areas

i)Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau.
ii)It requires high temperature,
iii)light rainfall or irrigation,
iv)210 frost-free days and
v)bright sun-shine for its growth.
vi)It is a kharif crop and requires 6 to 8 months to mature.

Major cotton-producing states are Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

News:Some Technical Equipments and Techniques to Control Pollution ( As asked in 2018 UPSC MAINS ESSAY) –

SMOG TOWER:- Smog towers are structures designed to work as large-scale air purifiers. They are usually fitted with multiple layers of air filters, which clean the air of pollutants as it passes through them. To control air pollution, the Supreme Court had ordered the Delhi government to build a ‘smog tower’ by April 13 2020.

The Interceptor Sewer Project (ISP), which has been in the pipeline since
2006 and delayed multiple times, has missed yet another deadline of March 31, 2020. This is used for the Containment of Sewage.

To monitor noise pollution, the NGT had ordered the Delhi Pollution Control
Committee (DPCC) to set up “sufficient noise monitoring stations by January 31, 2020.

News: China’s BRI MAP and the Points through Which it Passes:-

News : Latin American Countries are becoming Hotspots for Covid-19 :-

News: Phase-1 trial: Adenovirus COVID-19 vaccine found safe, induces immune responses

phase1 trial using a single dose of a vaccine (Ad5nCoV) was found to be
safe, well tolerated, and able to generate immune responses against novel
coronavirus. The vaccine uses a recombinant adenovirus type-5 vector
that carries the genetic material that codes for spike glycoprotein of
the virus. The adenovirus is a weakened common cold virus.

Explained : Domicile rules for J&K

Ministry of Home Affairs issued the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of State Laws) Order, 2020 by publishing a gazette notification.
Through the order, the MHA amended a 2010 legislation, the Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services (Decentralisation and Recruitment Act), by substituting the term “permanent residents” with “domiciles of UT [Union Territory] of J&K.”

Earlier, only permanent residents of J&K were eligible to apply for gazetted and non-gazetted posts. The domicile rules as defined under the amended order will determine recruitment to all government posts in J&K from now on.

What are the Main Features of the New Policy :- The March 31 order offered protection to domiciles only in Group D and entry level non-gazetted government posts. This was later changed because of the uproar in the assembly and opposition.

So what was the New Order :- On April 3, a fresh order with six changes was issued saying the policy will apply to “any post” in the government.

Who are the Domiciles:-
i)The order defines domiciles as anyone “who has resided for a period of 15 years in the UT of J&K or
ii)has studied for a period of seven years and appeared in Class 10th/12th examination in an educational institution located in the UT of J&K or
iii)who is registered as a migrant by the Relief and Rehabilitation Commissioner (Migrants)”.
iv)It said that children of central government officials including the all India services, public sector units, autonomous body of Centre, Public Sector Banks, officials of statutory bodies, central universities and recognised research institutes of the Centre who have served in J&K for a “total period of 10 years” will be domiciles.
v)The domicile status also applies to “children of such residents of J&K who reside outside J&K in connection with their employment or business or other professional or vocational reasons but their parents should fulfil any of the conditions provided”. It will allow West Pakistan refugees and children of women who married non-locals to apply for jobs in J&K.

The power to issue domicile certificates has been vested in the tehsildar (revenue officer).

Opposition parties are Opposing the Move as they say this has been done in order to change the demography of the J&K. 

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