The Hindu Newspaper 24th April 2020

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1)Consider the following statements about National Tiger Conservation Authority.

  1. It is a statutory body constituted under provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  2. The objective of NTCA is to provide statutory authority to Project Tiger.
  3. It also addresses livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1, 2

b) 1, 3

c) 2, 3

d) 1, 2, 3

2)Which of the following exemplifies the biological relationship of mutualism?

a) Humans and the bacteria that lives in intestinal gut of humans

b) Cows and tapeworms attached to the intestines of cows

c) Relationship between barnacles and whales

d) All of the above

3)Consider the following events:

  1. First Anglo-Mysore war
  2. First Anglo Burmese war
  3. First Anglo Sikh war
  4. First Anglo Maratha war

Which of the following is the correct chronological sequence of the above events?

a) 4-1-2-3

b) 1-4-2-3

c) 1-4-3-2

d) 4-1-3-2

Ans. B

The Karachi session, 1931, of the Congress was important because

  1. The Delhi Pact was endorsed.
  2. The goal of purna swaraj was reiterated.
  3. The resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Programme were adopted.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1, 2

b) 2, 3

c) 1, 3

 d) 1, 2, 3


Map of the Day :- Turkey and Bordering Countries.

Editorial of the Day :-

1)The COVID-19 paradox in South Asia

So what is the Paradox Author is Talking about :-

  • Income per capita in South Asia isjust 16% that of the world, and a mere 4% of that in industrialisedcountries.
  • One third of the world’s poor live in South Asia, so absolute poverty is high and nutrition levels are low.
  • Population density in the subcontinent is among the highest in the world.
  • The poor, who live cheek by jowl in urban slums and in cramped spaces in rural areas, are most susceptible to a virus that is contagious.
  • Public health systems and facilities are perhaps the worst in the world.

The Paradox is  :- The outcome, then, is puzzling, if not paradoxical. Compared with North America, Western Europeand East Asia, or their own population size, the number of infections and deaths in South Asia is far lower. Of course, it is plausible to argue that, unlike those parts of the world, South Asian countries are in the early stages where community transmission has not gathered momentum.

Two possible Explanations for this Slow increase :-

First, the reality might be much worse than the statistics suggest because the total number of infections is almost certainly underestimated, as testing has been nowhere near enough, given the scarcity of testing kits and the massive size of populations. Improved statistics might change the numbers but cannot transform the asymmetry emerging from the above comparisons.

Second, the lockdowns imposed by governments in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lankaand Nepal, which started in the last week of March and continue until April 27 or longer, have clearly made a difference.

The lockdown in India, straddling its vast geography, is perhaps among the most stringent in the world. The common purpose was to break the chain of transmission through physical distancing, which has two dimensions.

Editorial 2:- Fishing in troubled waters during a pandemic

Beijing’s military moves in the contested South China Sea continue to take place unabated.

In recent days, China has conducted military drills and deployed large scale military assets to the maritime area, while officially celebrating strides made in exploiting disputed energy resources in the sea.

Vietnam maintained that this violates “Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Paracel Islands, causes property losses and endangers the lives, safety and legitimate interests of the Vietnamese fishermen”.

Routine operations of transport aircraft in the South China Sea indicate that the Chinese military is hardly affected by the country’s health crisis.

At present, Vietnam is the chair of the ASEAN and will be presiding over the discussions on the Code of Conduct which has been a workin progress for long.

Vietnam has always been in favour of non-claimant countries or external players having an active voice and callingout China for its growing assertiveness in these contested waters.

3) Protection for protectors

Though belated, the Union Cabinet’s decision to promulgate an ordinance to amend the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 to make acts of violence against medical personnel a cognisable and non-bailable offence and also provide compensation in case of injury or damage or loss to property is thus commendable.

Another major challenge :-

In other instances, the wrong messaging that getting infected by the virus meant certain death, in order to achieve maximum compliance with the shutdown, unwittingly led to a fear psychosis.

Negative messaging, especially of the kind that induces fear and stigma, has always been counterproductive, as seen in the early days of the HIV/AIDS awareness campaign inthe country.

Awareness building exercises became easier and more effective when negative messaging and stereotyping about HIV/AIDS was shunned.

News:- First batch of sea farers disembark in Mumbai

Atotal of 145 crew members disembarked from U.S. cruise ship Marella Discov-ery, making them the first batch of Indian seafarers to be allowed by the government to return.

News:- Kamakhya temple festival called off

The Kamakhya Temple also known as Kamrup-Kamakhya temple, Kamakhya Devalaya, is a Hindu temple dedicated to the mother goddess Kamakhya.

It is one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Pithas. Situated on the Nilachal Hill in western part of Guwahati city in Assam, India.

News:- DRDO develops mobile virology lab 

Defence Minister inaugurated through video conference a mobile virology research and diagnostics laboratory (MVRDL).

It has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), together with ESIC Hospital, Hyderabad, and the private industry.

The first such MVRDL was developed by the Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad, in consultation with ESIC Hospital.

News:- Trump signs executive order restricting immigration 

U.S. President Donald Trump signed an executive order barring certain categories of immigrants from admission to the U.S. for 60 days, ostensibly to protect Americans’ jobs at risk from the COVID-19 pandemic.

The order has several exemptions, including for those who are already in the U.S. seeking to switch their visa status to permanent residency.

The immigration of the following categories of non U.S. citizens is restricted for 60 days starting Thursday: those outside the U.S., those who do not already have avalid immigrant visa, those that do not have an official travel document other than a visa that is valid on the effective date of the proclamation “or issued on any date thereafter that permits him or her to travel to the United States and seek entry or admission”.

Chain migration :-The new order, while in effect, will prevent individuals from bringing their parents, adult children, or siblings into the U.S. (Mr. Trump has called this “chain migration”).

News:- Amnesty International :-

Amnesty International is a London based Non-Governmental Organisation founded in 1961.

The organization aims to create a world where every person enjoys all of the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in 1948.

It recognized the fundamental human rights universally for the first time.

It also conducts research, generates action to prevent grave abuses of human rights and demands justice for those whose rights have been violated.

The organization was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977 for its “Defence of human dignity against torture” and the United Nations Prize in the field of Human Rights in 1978.

Releases a report :- The State of the World’s Human Rights.

News:- CII says India growth may slip to 1.5% in FY21

The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is an industry association in India.

CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization.

Founded in 1895, it has over 9,000 members, from the private as well as public sectors.

CII works with the Government on policy issues. CII has been a catalyst of change in India’s economic policy reforms.

Recent :- Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has come out with a ‘Fiscal Performance Index’ to assess quality of budgets presented by the Centre and state governments.

News :- A recent retail survey from the World Gold Council (WGC) revealed that 29% of retail investors surveyed had never bought gold in the past, but are open to the idea of buying gold in the future.

The World Gold Council is the market development organisation for the gold industry.

It works across all parts of the industry, from gold mining to investment, and their aim is to stimulate and sustain demand for gold.

The World Gold Council is an association whose members comprise the world’s leading gold mining companies.

It helps to support its members to mine in a responsible way and developed the Conflict Free Gold Standard.

Headquartered in the UK, they have offices in India, China, Singapore, Japan and the United States.

News :- Govt. to suspend IBC rules for up to one year

In a major relief for corporate borrowers hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has decided to amend the insolvency law to suspend up to one year provisions that trigger insolvency proceedings against defaulters.

Section 7 and 9 pertain to initiation of corporate insolvency proceedings by a financial creditor and an operational creditor, respectively.

Section 10 relates to filing of an application for insolvency resolution by a corporate.

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) classifies these two creditors under the following categories:

1.  Financial Creditors – Section 5(7) and

2.  Operational Creditors – Section 5(20).

The financial creditors are basically entities (lenders like banks) that have provided funds to the corporate. Their relationship with the entity is a pure financial contract, such as a loan or debt security.

On the other hand, business and other entities that have provided inputs and other materials and services and to whom the defaulted corporate owes a debt are called as operational creditors.

Both have claims on the defaulted corporate or the defaulted corporate owe payments to both these categories.

Operational creditors have the right to submit a resolution application like the financial creditors.

News:- Most commodity prices will drop substantially in 2020: World Bank

COVID-19 is projected to bring most commodity prices down substantially in 2020, the World Bank said inits ‘April Commodity Markets Outlook’.

A commodity is a basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other goods of the same type.

The quality of a given commodity may differ slightly, but it is essentially uniform across producers.

When they are traded on an exchange, commodities must also meet specified minimum standards, also known as a basis grade.

A barrel of oil is basically the same product, regardless of the producer.

By contrast, for electronics merchandise, the quality and features of a given product may be completely different depending on the producer.

Some traditional examples of commodities include the following:




Natural gas.


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