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The Hindu Newspaper 25th March 2020

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1)Saudi Arabia’ is not bordered by

Yemen

Oman

Iran

Kuwait

2)Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram’

  1. It aims to tap into the traditional knowledge and skill sets of tribal people by adding technology and Information Technology for upgradation of output at each stage and to convert the tribal wisdom into a remunerative economic activity.
  2. Implementation of Van Dhan Vikas Karyakram is done through Khadi and Village Industries Commission.

Select the correct statements

1 Only

2 Only

Both 1 and 2

Neither 1 nor 2

3) ‘POSHAN Abhiyaan’ is aimed at reducing

  1. The level of stunting in children (0-6 years)
  2. Under-nutrition in children (0-6 years)
  3. Anaemia among young children (6-59 months)

Select the correct code:

1 and 2

2 and 3

1 and 3

All of the above

Factual News of the Day :-

1)New Hanta Virus Emerges in China after COVID-19:- The Hanta Virus, also called the Orthohanta virus spreads through rats. It causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome according to Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. It transits through urine, droppings, saliva of rodents. The virus enters humans through their nose, mouth or eyes.
The virus does not spread from person-to-person. Rather, it spreads when a person comes in direct contact with the bodily fluids of the rodents carrying virus.

2) Lockdown:- The action is called Lock Down when there are restrictions on assembly. However, essential services are available in these situations.

The chief Medical Officer shall enforce Lock Down according to Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897. With Lock Down being imposed five or more people are not allowed to assemble.

Section 144 :– The action is called Section 144 CrPc, when the assembly of people are prohibited. Under Section 144, more than 4 people are not allowed to assemble

Curfew:– The action is called Curfew when Section 144 is imposed along with the shutdown of essential services. The Curfew powers lies with Collector and Police commissioner.

3)Tokyo Olympics moved to 2021 over virus scare:-The 2020 Tokyo Olympics, originally scheduled to beheld from July 24 to August 9, has been postponed to 2021, the first such delay in the Games’ 124 year modern history, as the COVID-19 crisis wrecked the last international sporting show piece meant for this year.

4) News:- NGT asks committee to study damage done to environment by dump sites

The NGT was established in 2010 under the National Green Tribunal Act

  • It is a specialized environmental court that deals with cases relating to environmental protection and the conservation of forests
  • It has judicial powers that allow it to exclusively decide civil environmental matters.
  • The tribunal is guided by principles of natural justice and is not bound by the mainstream code of civil procedure.
  • To achieve the objective of Article 21, 47 and 51A (g) of the Constitution of India by means of fair, fast and satisfactory judicial procedure.
  • India has become the third country in the world after Australia and New Zealand, for setting up a specialised environmental tribunal and also the first developing country to do so.
  • The National Green Tribunal resolves various civil cases under the following seven laws that are related to the environment:-Water Act (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1974
  • Water Cess Act (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1977
  • Forest Act (Conservation), 1980
  • Air Act (Prevention and Control of Pollution), 1981
  • Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  • Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
  • Biological Diversity Act, 2002

5)Hydroxychloroquine is an anti-malarial drug that is also used for treating rheumatoid arthritis.

ICMR recommended to take Hydroxychloroquine as a preventive drug for Covid-19.

The ICMR’s approval followed a recommendation from its task force for COVID-19.

6)NEWS:- How safe are Newspapers that we read from Covid-19

“Newspapers are like any other item or material. Take clothes for instance or books. Viruses can stay on any surfaces. So what can you do? Wash your hands before and after reading newspapers or books.”

World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations’ specialized agency for Health was founded in 1948.

Its headquarters are situated in Geneva, Switzerland.
There are 194 Member States, 150 country offices, six regional offices.

It is an inter-governmental organization and works in collaboration with its member states usually through the Ministries of Health.

The WHO provides leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.

It began functioning on April 7, 1948 – a date now being celebrated every year as World Health Day.

Objectives:-
To act as the directing and coordinating authority on international health work.

To establish and maintain effective collaboration with the United Nations, specialized agencies, governmental health administrations, professional groups and such other organizations as may be deemed appropriate.

To provide assistance to the Governments, upon request, in strengthening health services.

To promote cooperation among scientific and professional groups which contribute to the advancement of health.

Governance:-

World Health Assembly:- Highest decision making body .

Editorial of the Day :- Ironing out wrinkles in India’s pandemic response

Central Theme:- Some critical weaknesses in the country’s health system can come in the way of a credible strategy to combat COVID-19.

Author says:- In truth, we do not really know how widespread the epidemic is in India because such a small number of people have been tested andmany mild cases go undetected.

What are the Critical weaknesses in Our Health System:-

I)Shortage of Hospitals

Ii)Shortage of Staff

Iii)Shortage of Hospital Beds

Iv)Shortage of Ventilators

V)Shortage of Testing Kits.

It is critically important that India puts in place a strategy to ramp up hospital and ICU capacity, as well as provision for essential equipment such as ventilators and personal protective equipment.

Editorial 2 :- Death by fireworks

Central Theme:- Violations of rules in hazardous industries can be tolerated only at the cost of human lives

What happened recently:- Unsafe working conditions and improper handling of inflammable raw materials continue to endanger lives in the fireworks industry.

Lastweek, 11 workers were charred at a fireworks unit in Tamil Nadu’s Virudhunagar district.

Fireworks capital of the Country is Shivakasi in Tamil Nadu.

Illegal cracker units functioning in a few other parts of the State have also led to loss of a significant number of lives.

Sivakasi, the manufacturing of firecrackers in makeshift unlicensed units, rough handling of chemicals by untrained and unskilled workers, spillage or overloadingof chemicals during the filling process, and working outside permitted areas have been identified as major causes for past accidents.

Crackdowns against violatorshave been few and far between despite illegal subleasing of works to unlicensed cottage units becoming a widely acknowledged practice in the industry.

7)FMCG companies see a spurt in ‘COVID-19′ sales:- 

Fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) are the fourth largest sector in the Indian economy.

There are three main segments in the sector food and beverages which accounts for 19 per cent of the sector,

healthcare which accounts for 31 per cent and

household and personal care which accounts for the remaining 50 per cent.

Growing awareness, easier access, and changing lifestyles are the key growth drivers for the consumer market.

The focus on agriculture, MSMEs, education, healthcare, infrastructure and tax rebate under the Union Budget 2019-20 is expected to directly impact the FMCG sector.

These initiatives are expected to increase the disposable income in the hands of the common people, especially in the rural area, which will be beneficial for the sector.

 

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