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The Hindu Newspaper 26th March 2020

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1)Global Climate Risk Index is released by

a) Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

b) United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

c) Germanwatch

d) UN Environment

2)Which of the following are natural carbon sinks

Grasslands

Soil

Ocean

Coral reefs

Natural-gas purification plants

Select the correct answer code:

a) 1, 3, 4, 5

b) 1, 2, 3, 5

c) 1, 2, 3, 4

d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

3)Kerch Strait, recently in news, connects Black sea to

a) Aegean Sea

b) Sea of Marmara

c) Adriatic Sea

d) Sea of Azov

Factual News of the Day :

1)GoI develops new biofortified high protein wheat variety:- The scientists of Agharkar Research Institute (Pune), operating under Department of Science and Technology (DST) have developed biofortified high quality wheat. The new variety is MACS 4028.

The MACS 4028 was supported by UNICEF funds to alleviate malnutrition in India. Now the new wheat variety will help boost Vision 2022 of India which is “Kuposhan Mukt Bharat“.

2)First “Made in India” COVID-19 Test Kit gets commercial approval from CDSCO:- Pune based testing services MyLab has become the first Indian company to get an commercial approval from CDSCO for the sales of COVID-19 testing kits sale.

The testing time of COVID-19 in current lab testing services is 4 hours. However, MyLAb’s testing time is 2 ½ hours.

The Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) is the national regulatory body for Indian pharmaceuticals and medical devices, and serves.

Within the CDSCO, the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) regulates pharmaceutical and medical devices, under the gamut of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The DCGI is advised by the Drug Technical Advisory Board (DTAB) and the Drug Consultative Committee (DCC).

3)Undisturbed mass nesting of Olive Ridleys at Rushikulya 

Vulnerable — IUCN Red list

Habitat — warm and tropical waters of primarily in the Pacific, Indian Ocean and  Atlantic ocean.

Gets name from its olive colored carapace, which is heart-shaped and rounded

Arribadas — synchronized nesting in mass numbers,

Operation Olivia — Olive Ridely Turtle protection program undertaken byIndian Coast Guard

mating and breeding season — winter

mostly carnivorous, feeding on such creatures as jellyfish, snails, crabs, and shrimp. They will occasionally eat algae and seaweed

Threats:-

Poaching for their meat, shell and leather, and their eggs

Pet trading

Accidental killing of adult turtles through entanglement in trawl nets and gill nets due to uncontrolled fishing during their mating season around nesting beaches

Development and exploitation of nesting beaches for ports, and tourist centres

Predators like feral dogs and pigs, ghost crabs, snakes etc

Light pollution

Ingestion of marine debris that causes perforation of the digestive system and exposure to chemicals and hence death.

Nesting sites in India

  • Hope Island of Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary (Andra Pradesh)
  • Gahirmatha  beach (Odisha)
  • Astaranga coast(Odisha)
  • Beach of Rushikulya River
  • Devi River mout

4)Why lockdown is for 21 days:–  a 21day lockdown period. In fact, 21dayquarantines have been discussed elaborately in thecontext of Ebola and the calculations are based on theestimated incubation periodof the virus in a human host.

The 21 day quarantine value is derived from interpretations of outbreak data, pastand present, public health experts said.

“In epidemiological terms, the logic is that we have arrived at an incubation period of 14 days. Giveanother week for the residual infection to die out, forthe tail end, to be entirelysafe, and you arrive at 21 days,”

5) Editorial of the Day :- written by C. Rangrajan.

Dressing a wounded economy

Covid-19 is now not just a Health Crisis, it has turned into an economic Crisis.

The economic impact on India canbe traced through four channels:

  • external demand;
  • domestic demand;
  • supply disruptions, and
  • financial market disturbances.

External, domestic demand :- As the economies of the developed countries slow down (some people are even talking of recession), their demand for imports ofgoods will go down and this will affect our exports which are evennow not doing well.

The extent of decline will depend on how severely the other economies are affected.

Why Decreasing Oil price is not only a good news for India:- Because of decreasing oil prices India’s oil import bill will come down substantially. But this will affect adversely the oil exporting countries which absorb Indian labour. Remittances may slowdown.

Global Supply Disruptions:- Supply disruptions can occur because of the inability to importor procure inputs. The break in supply chains can be severe. It is estimated that nearly 60%of ourimports is in the category of ‘intermediate goods’. Imports from countries which are affected by the virus can be a source of concern.

Domestic supply chain canalso be affected as the inter-State movement of goods has alsoslowed down.

Financial market issues :- Financial markets are the ones which respond quickly and irrationally to a pandemic such as the coronavirus pandemic. The entire reaction is based on fear.

The stock market in India has collapsed. The indices are at a three year low. Foreign Portfolio Investors have shown great nervousness and the safe haven doctrine operates. In this process, the value of the rupee in terms of dollar has also fallen.

What should be Done:-

i) Reduce the Policy rates to spur growth

ii) Invest in health services, so as to prevent the Italian tragedy in India.

iii)commercial banks on their own will have to think in terms of modifying norms they use for inventory holding by production units.

iv) Public – Private Partnership.

Editorial 2:- Test, test, test for the virus 

Central Theme of the Article :- Travel bans and quarantines are imperative, but testing alone can reveal the extent of the disease .

Author highlights that India is not doing sufficient no. Of tests and thus the real number of those affected is not known.

Why the Virus is Novel Coronavirus:- The novel coronavirus differs from other pandemics because of its exponential speed of transmission.

The coronavirus is a novel virus because the genetic RNA has undergone mutation recently to infect humans froman animal source, thus converting a zoonotic disease to an anthroponotic one. Coronavirus RNA is new to the human immunological system.

The Author says that The primary goal of the government is to ensure availability and accessibility to diagnostic tests free of cost.

The WHO categorised India as having local transmission. If so, lessons can be learnt from South Korea which is taking 6,388 tests per million of the population compared to India’s 11.6. Every life is equally invaluable.

7)Saudi King to chair G-20 virtual summit:-

PM to participate in G20 virtual summit tomorrow:- The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi shall participate in G20 virtual summit tomorrow to discuss on the issues related to Corona virus.

What is G20?:- The G20 is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

The G20 membership comprises a mix of the world’s largest advanced and emerging economies, representing about two-thirds of the world’s population, 85% of global gross domestic product, 80% of global investment and over 75% of global trade.

Origin:-

1997-1999 ASIAN Financial Crisis: This was a ministerial-level forum which emerged after G7 invited both developed and developing economies. The finance ministers and central bank governors began meeting in 1999.

 

The members of the G20 are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.

8)The EC wrote that according to Rule 49 K of the Conduct of Elections Rules,1961, an elector is supposed to be marked on the fore finger of his left hand before casting the vote.

In case the elector does not have a fore finger on theleft hand, any other finger ofthe left hand can be marked and in case the elector does not have any finger on the left hand, the fore finger ofthe right hand can be marked.

 

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