The Hindu Newspaper 30/05/2020

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1)Which of the following are part of Triratnas in Jainism?

  1. Right Speech
  2. Right Knowledge
  3. Right Conduct
  4. Right Determination

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  • a.  3 only
  • b.  2 and 3 only
  • c.  1, 2 and 3 only
  • d.  2, 3 and 4 only

Answer : b

  • Right Faith, Right Knowledge and Right Conduct are known as Triratnas in Jainism.

2)Bamako Convention is associated with which of the following?

  • a.  Poaching
  • b.  Peat land Conservation
  • c.  Nuclear Weapon Free Zone
  • d.  Hazardous Wastes
  • The Bamako Convention is a treaty of African nations prohibiting the import into Africa of any hazardous (including radioactive) waste.
  • The convention came into force in 1998

3)Consider the following statements with respect to Tendered votes

  1. A vote is said to be a tendered vote, if a voter votes for more than one elections.
  2. They can be casted on both Electronic Voting Machines and ballot papers.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d.  Neither 1 nor 2
  • According to the Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961, a voter is allowed to cast a ‘tendered vote’ where someone else representing to be a particular voter has already cast that vote.
  • The presiding officer may allow the actual voter to vote, if the person is able to prove his or her identity.
  • They would be provided a ballot paper to mark symbol and it would be placed in a cover specially kept for the purpose.
  • A tendered ballot paper is the same as the ballot paper displayed on the balloting unit, except that it shall be endorsed on the back with the words, “Tendered Ballot Paper” either stamped by the returning officer or written by the presiding officer at the time of issuing it.

Map of the Day :- Indian Hazards Prone areas

News:- GDP growth slows to a 11year low of 4.2%, Q4 slumps to 3.1%: Gross Domestic Product (GDP) slump to 3.1%, reflecting the impact of the first week of the nationwide COVID-19 lockdown, which began on March 25.

Core sector output shrinks 38% in April : 8 streams are included in Core Sectors. These are Electricity , steel, refinery products, crude oil, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilisers.

About GST Council:- The GST Council is a constitutional body established under Article 279A of Indian Constitution.

It makes recommendations to the Union and State Government on issues related to Goods and Service Tax (GST).

The GST Council is chaired by the Union Finance Minister.

Its other members are the Union State Minister of Revenue or Finance and Ministers in-charge of Finance or Taxation of all the States.

The 122nd Constitutional Amendment Bill, 2016 was passed in Parliament for introduction of Goods and Services tax in the country.

Consequent upon this, the same was notified as the 101st Constitution Act, 2016.

Fact:- The State governments will be given more autonomy in implementing the MHA’s guidelines issued under the Disaster Management Act, 2005. “States can improvise to make them more stringent, but they cannot dilute the provisions,”

News:- Wari tradition:- Tradition is bearing the padukas (footprints) of saints Dnyaneshwar and Tukaram to the shrine of Lord Vithoba in Pandharpur.

News:- Major Suman Gawani chosen for UN award:-

On the eve of International Day of UN Peacekeepers that is being marked on May 29, Indian major Suman Gawani and Brazilian Naval Officer Carla Monteiro de Castro Araujo are to be presented with the United Nations Military Gender Advocate of the year 2019 award.

Suman is being presented with the award for her outstanding contribution in UNMISS.

UNMISS is the United Nations Mission in South Sudan. It was established in 2011. As of May 2019, around 15,000 military personnel have been employed in the mission.

News:- ‘Rozgar Setu’ for skilled workers in M.P. :- Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has announced the launch of the ‘Rozgar Setu’ scheme, saying it would help secure employment for skilled workers who have returned. First of its kind initiative.

News:- Trump order targets social networks:- The Executive order has asked to reexamine how protections granted under a particular statute
Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act (1996) — ought to apply.

What is Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act (1996):- Section 230, on the back of which several American tech companies like Facebook
and Twitter have grown, allows social media sites to carry third party content without being liable for all of it.

What does Social Media Platforms Say :- “This EO is a reactionary and
politicised approach to a landmark law. #Section230 protects American innovation and freedom of expression, and it’s underpinned by democratic values.

Editorial of the Day :- India – Australia Relationship

Potential in relation which are yet to be tapped:

  1. Mutual Logistics Support Agreement– This would enhance defense cooperation and ease the conduct of large-scale joint military exercises between two democracies.  It also has potential for Australia’s permanent inclusion in the Malabar exercise with Japan.
  2. 2+2 Format– Currently under 2+2 format secretary level talks are held for Foreign and Defense. This can be upgraded to ministerial level talk in the upcoming virtual summit.
  3. Pandemic control lessons – India and Australia can partner in learning lessons for control of pandemics. Australia has one of the lowest infection rates which make its strategy a successful tool and provide lessons for India too.
  4. Higher Education– Australian Universities are proving to be resilient and pioneers in distance and online learning which can be tapped for Indian students who sail across to Australia for better education.

Way Forward – India- Australia have much in common, underpinned by shared values of a pluralistic, Westminster-style democracies, Commonwealth traditions, expanding economic engagement and increasing high level interaction. The pandemic induced virtual meet is an opportunity to enhance their ties at bilateral level.

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