The Hindu Newspaper 30th March 2020

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  1. Exercise Dharma Guardian’ is a bilateral exercise between India and

a) Russia

b) Japan

c) United States of America

d) France

2)‘Gharana wetland’ is locted in which of the following states?

a) Rajasthan

b) Uttar Pradesh

c) Gujarat

d) None of the above (Correct Answer is Jammu and Kashmir)

3)Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)’ imposes unilateral sanctions against

  1. Iran
  2. Russia
  3. North Korea

Select the correct code…

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

4)‘Asian Development Outlook’ is published by

a) Asian Development Bank

b) International Monetary Fund

c) World Bank

d) New Development Bank

5)Which of the following pairs are correctly matched?

Schemes                          States

Bhavantar Bhugtan Yojana –    Maharashtra

Rythu Bandhu –                           Telangana

Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income augmentation (KALIA) – Odisha

Select the correct code:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above

1) Saudi Arabia has assured India on uninterrupted LPG supply amidst growing threat of COVID-19.

India is the second largest importer of LPG in the world. It fulfils half of its requirements from the middle east countries such as Qatar, Saudi Arabia, oman , kuwait.

,2)GoI launched CoNTeC to connect Doctors in India with AIIMS.

3)Cases surge; ICMR deniescommunity transmission:-

ICMR is India’s apex scientific body for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research.

It was established in 1911 as Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA) making it one of oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.

The ICMR functions under Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

It is headquartered in New Delhi.

Its Governing Body is presided over by Health Minister.

It is assisted in scientific and technical matters by Scientific Advisory Board comprising eminent experts in different biomedical disciplines.

ICMR’s research priorities coincide with national health priorities such as control and management of communicable diseases, fertility control, maternal and child health, control of nutritional disorders, research on major non-communicable diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and mental health research and drug research (including traditional remedies) and developing alternative strategies for health care delivery.

What Exactly is Community Transmission:

At the community transmission stage (the “Stage 3” you keep hearing about), a disease spreads in the population is such a way that people don’t know how they were exposed to the contagion: they haven’t travelled to a part of the world that’s currently battling an outbreak, or haven’t been in contact with someone they know has the coronavirus.

4)Air quality improves in over 90 cities :- With a nationwide lockdownin place, over 90 cities, including Delhi, recorded minimal air pollution in the last few days.

The National Air Quality Index (AQI) was launched in New Delhi on September 17, 2014.

The Central Pollution Control Board along with State Pollution Control Boards has been operating National Air Monitoring Program (NAMP) .

There are six AQI categories, namely

  • Good,
  • Satisfactory,
  • Moderately polluted,
  • Poor,
  • Very Poor, and
  • Severe.

The proposed AQI will consider eight pollutants (PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2, CO, O3, NH3, and Pb) for which short-term (up to 24-hourly averaging period) National Ambient Air Quality Standards are prescribed.

SAFAR System:- The System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting And Research (SAFAR) is a national initiative introduced by the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) to measure the air quality of a metropolitan city, by measuring the overall pollution level and the location-specific air quality of the city.

The system is indigenously developed by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune and is operationalized by the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

It has a giant true color LED display that gives out real-time air quality index on a 24×7 basis with color-coding (along with 72 hours advance forecast).

5)Elephant gifted to U.S. in 1961 euthanised:-

Ambika, a 72 year old elephant which was gifted tothe U.S. in 1961 on behalf of children of India, was “humanely euthanised” by veterinarians at a national zoo in Washington.

Editorials of the Day :-

Looking beyond just diagnosis and quarantine

Central Theme :- There is need in India for a rapid response research and development team to handle viral onslaughts

So what Can be done :-

  1. The first requirement is to sequence the genome of all the isolates from infected patients in India. COVID-19,for example, is an RNA virus.A knowledge of genome sequence is essential to design drugs and vaccines.
  2. A quick response is to evaluate repurposed known drugs (a drug development strategy predicated onthe reuse of existing licensed drugs for new medical indications) including natural products, for therapy.
  3. Yet another strategy is to clone B cells from such patients tomake therapeutic antibodies. All these would require informed consent from patients and policy decisions.
  4. A long term approach could be to clone the genome, make recombinant antigens and then test for vaccine potential and new drug design.

Editorial – 2:- From apathy to action

Central Theme: Relief measures given by Centre is not sufficient.

Why Author is not Satisfied with the Relief measures :-

Relief Measure 1:- Some existing programmes havebeen declared as new relief measures—for example, the payment of the first instalment of the PM Kisan Yojana money.

The Finance Minister announced that MGNREGA workers would earn an additional ₹2,000.

Problem in Relief Measure 1:- This assumes that work sites are open, and that the Central government will guarantee 100 days of work. In the last financial year, less than 7% of active job card holders got 100 days of work.

Relief Measure 2:- Wage will increase by Rs.20/ Day

Problem with Relief measure 2:– This will be useful only after the lockdown when the work will resume but what about during lockdown .

Relief measure 3:– Doubling the amount of Ration.

Problem with Relief measure 3:- This was long overdue, at present the ration given is only half of what is required so actually doubling it will only take it to the level that was actually required.

Relief measure 4: Transfer of Money to Bank accounts

Problem:- What will they do of the money , they actually need stuff to survive, how can money be of any good amid lockdown ?

Kerala’s example:- Kerala has been at the forefront of fighting the disease spread and planning for a lockdown.

When Anganwadis and schools had to be shut down,Kerala initiated dry ration supplies to their homes.

Before itis too late, the Centre itself must act by increasing resource allocation and setting up sector specific committees to facilitate prompt responses.

8)Himalayan Ibex a distinct species:- Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has proved that Himalayan Ibex, distributed in the trans-Himalayan ranges of Jammu and Kashmir,Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh, is a distinct species from the Siberian Ibex.

Siberian Ibex is a species of wild goat and is distributed in diverse habitats, ranging from cold deserts, rocky outcrops, steep terrain, highland flats and mountain ridges to low mountains and foothills.

From Mongolia, its distribution extends towards Altai, Hangai, Gobi-Altai, theHurukh mountain ranges as well as Sayan Mountains near Russia and scattered populations in the small mountains of Trans Altai Gobi.

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) was launched in 1916.

ZSI publishes Red Data Book on Indian Animals. It was first published in 1983 and is similar to Red Data Book published by IUCN.

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