The Hindu Newspaper 31st March 2020

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1) Governor cannot promulgate an ordinance 

  1. If the ordinance has the provisions which of embodied in a bill would require president’s sanction.
  2. If the ordinance has the provisions which the governor would reserve as a bill containing them for the president’s sanction.

Select the appropriate code:

2)Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON)’

  1. It studies the interaction between Earth’s weather systems and space weather driven by the Sun, and how this interaction drives turbulence in the upper atmosphere.
  2. It is part of NASA’s Explorers program.

Select the correct statements

3.

The proposed ‘Green Wall of India’ will pass through

  1. Gujarat
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Rajasthan
  4. Haryana

Select the correct code:

4)Global Competitive Index is compiled by 

5)Which of the following countries is referred to as ‘Vanilla Islands’

  1. Seychelles
  2. Madagascar
  3. Mauritius
  4. Comoros

Select the correct code:

1.Vanilla Islands  is an affiliation of the island nations :- Seychelles, Madagascar, Réunion, Mauritius, Comoros, Mayotte in the Indian Ocean to form a new travel destination brand.

2)Rabi harvest to be affected for want of farm workers:-

Kharif crops :- The Kharif crop is the summer crop or monsoon crop in India. Kharif crops are usually sown with the beginning of the first rains in July, during the south-west monsoon season.

Major Kharif crops of India include Millets (Bajra & Jowar), Cotton, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Paddy (Rice),Maize, Moong (Pulses), Groundnut, Red Chillies, etc.

Rabi Crops :- The Rabi crop is the spring harvest or winter crop in India . It is sown in October last and harvested in March April every year.

Major Rabi crops in India include Wheat, Barley, Mustard, Sesame, Peas etc.

MSP of Rabi and Kharid:-

3) Cauvery and its tributaries look cleaner as pandemic puts a halt to pollution:-

  • Left Bank: the Harangi, the Hemavati, the Shimsha and the Arkavati.
  • Right Bank: Lakshmantirtha, the Kabbani, the Suvarnavati, the Bhavani, the Noyil and the Amaravati joins from right.
  • The river descends from the South Karnataka Plateau to the Tamil Nadu Plains through the Sivasamudram waterfalls (101 m high).

4)Amid lockdown, forest fires point to sabotage:-

State we are talking about :- Telangana.

The State has recorded over 6,000 fires in its forests since November 1 last year, of which a whopping 3,996 were recorded in the last seven days only, both numbers being highest in the countryas per the alerts put out by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer (MODIS) and the Suomi National Polar Orbiting Partnership Spacecraft Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite part of the alert system.

5)Editorial of the Day :-

Two articlesShort end of the stick” and “The hunt for a cure begins with telling the truth ” were both on Covid-19 and Govt. Response.

Lockdown and Migrant Population:- With a lockdown, migrant workers dependent upon casual and daily wage labour, unorganised retail and other such jobs, were severely affected and sought the comfort of the social net in their towns over the uncertainty of employment, and therefore of money and resources to fend for themselves over the 21 days.

Physical distancing in a country where most people are involved in unorganised labour, and who are dependent upon fragile livelihoods defined in daily and even hourly wage earnings, was always going to be problematic.

That the Central government announced the lockdown on March 24, with just a four hour notice, made it even harder for these people to figure out ways to weather the challenge. Their exodus, by foot along highways finally compelled some authorities to start bus services, but these were abruptly halted.

Ministry directed State and Union Territory governments to enforce the lockdown strictly and prevent migrants from leaving cities; instead, there are to be temporary shelters with essentials for the stranded poor. These belated steps can only work if implemented in a humane manner.

Some more criticism of the Govt. By the Author:- Governments must use schools and college hostels for the migrants to stay and also utilise the Public Distribution System to provide food. All said, the suffering of the migrant worker is an indictment of the unpreparedness of governments to deal with the COVID-19 crisis.

A lockdown is useless unless all citizens are guaranteed food and shelter and medical aid on call. A government that announces a lockdown without making arrangements for the poor, the elderly, the already ailing, is simply adding to the body count.

                                     LEAD Editorial

Health workers are begging the government for adequate protective equipment. Diverting existing factoriesand resources to this cause could have been an overnight decision two weeks ago.

Suggestions:- (From the Third Editorial “A threat to Food Security)

  • To reduce the risk of an even greater toll — shortage of food for millions—the world must take immediate actions to minimise disruptions to food supply chains.
  • Policy makers must take careto avoid accidentally tightening food supply conditions. While every country faces its own challenges, collaboration between governments and the full gamut of sectors and stakeholders is paramount.
  • We must ensure that food markets are functioning properly and that information on prices, production, consumption and stocks of food is available to all in real time.
  • 6)NDRF stands for National Disaster Response Force:It comes under Ministry of Home Affairs
  • It is the only dedicated disaster response force in the world
    Established in 2006
    HQ: New Delhi
    It works under National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) which lays down policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.
    At present there are 12 battalions in NDRF which are deployed strategically across country to provide immediate response.
    4 new battalions are sanctioned by Union Cabinet.

6)NDRF stands for National Disaster Response Force:

  • It comes under Ministry of Home Affairs
  • It is the only dedicated disaster response force in the world
  • Established in 2006
  • HQ: New Delhi
  • It works under National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) which lays down policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.
  • At present there are 12 battalions in NDRF which are deployed strategically across country to provide immediate response.

MAP of the Day :-

Caspian Sea Bordering Countries 

Trick “TARIK” or “KRATI

K – Kazakhstan

R- Russia

A – Azerbaijan

T – Turkmenistan

I – Iran

 

 

 

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