The Hindu Newspaper 04/05/2020

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1)Consider the following statements about pro- tem speaker.

  1. Article 180 (1) of the Constitution gives the Governor the power to appoint any member as Speaker in absence of Speaker and Dep. Speaker.
  2. Powers of the Speaker pro-tem are not co-extensive with the powers of elected Speaker.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

2)The practice of “Fiscal Federalism” in India involves

3)Which of the following directives is/are outside the Part IV of the Indian Constitution?

  1. Claims of SC and ST to public services
  2. Instruction in mother tongue to linguistic minority children
  3. Development of the Hindi Language

Select the correct answer codes:

Map of the day :-

FSI gives a report biennial “India State of Forest Report (ISFR)”. First time in 1987, In 2019 – 16th Report.

In terms of forest cover as percentage of total geographical area, the top five States are Mizoram (85.41%), Arunachal Pradesh (79.63%), Meghalaya (76.33%), Manipur (75.46%) and Nagaland (75.31%).

♦ The total forest cover of the country is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country. The tree cover of the country is estimated as 95,027 sq km which is 2.89% of the geographical area.

♦ The total Forest and Tree cover of the country is 8,07,276 sq km which is 24.56% of the geographical area of the country.

♦ The current assessment shows an increase of 3,976 sq km (0.56%) of forest cover, 1,212 sq km
(1.29%) of tree cover and 5,188 sq km (0.65%) of forest and tree cover put together, at the national level as compared to the previous assessment i.e. ISFR 2017.

♦ Mangrove cover in the country has increased by 54 sq km (1.10%) as compared to the previous assessment.

♦ Total Carbon Stock in the forest has increased.

♦ Dependence of fuelwood on forests is highest in the State of Maharashtra, whereas, for fodder, small timber and bamboo, dependence is highest in Madhya Pradesh.

♦In the current ISFR, a new chapter ‘Forest Types and Biodiversity’ has been added which presents findings of the forest type mapping based on Champion & Seth classification (1968) and the results of the first ever rapid biodiversity assessment of plant species in the 16 Forest Type Groups.

News:- 126 lakh tonnes of food grains given to States: FCI 

About FCI :-

Food Corporation of India (FCI) is a Public Sector Undertaking, under the Department of Food & Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.

  • FCI is a statutory body set up in 1965 under the Food Corporations Act 1964. It was established against the backdrop of major shortage of grains, especially wheat.
    • Simultaneously, Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) was created in 1965 to recommend remunerative prices to farmers.

The Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP since 1985, earlier named as Agricultural Prices Commission) came into existence in January 1965.

Shanta Kumar Committee:- For betterment of the FCI and PDS system.

Editorials of the Day :-

BRICS against COVID-19

India: As the world’s largest producer of hydroxychloroquine, India has recently exported the drug not only to SAARC Countries and to its “extended neighbourhood” in the Gulf, but also toRussia, Brazil, Israel and the U.S.

This has set the stage for India to forge an inclusive BRICS  driven  pharma alliance, which could also actively explore the production of vaccines.

China:- China has steeled the transcontinental response to the  disease  by providing the “hardware”—masks, gloves, coveralls, shoe covers and testing kits — to hotspots across the globe.

Under its Health Silk Road doctrine, the Chinese reached out to two of the worst global hotspots, Italy and Iran.

Russia:- Despite fighting the virus at home, Russia too sent its doctors and virologists overseas, including the launch of the famous ‘From Russia with love’ air mission to Italy.

South Africa:- On the African continent, South Africa, the current rotating head of the African Union, is engaged inframing a pan African response to COVID-19.

Brazil:- Brazil’s response may need acourse correction, as its resistance to  breaking the infection chains through travel bans, lockdowns, isolation and testing appears to have led  toan infection surge.

Way Forward :- BRICS countries now pool and coordinate their efforts,in partnership with the WHO, and Europe and North America, bothbadly affected by the pandemic, as part of aglobal assault on the virus.

But for seeding a robust institutional HADR response, the BRICS countries may have to reactivate an existing disaster response mechanism, and earmark resources and assets to combat a whole range of natural disasters, with special focus on the emerging economies and the global south.

The Shanghai based New Development Bank of the BRICS countries has already demonstrated the way forward to allocate financial resources to combat COVID-19.

Editorial 2:- No relief for the nowhere people

The labourers — men, women and children — are the classic nowhere citizens of India. They have no rights and entitlements in the areas in which they work and to whose prosperity they contribute.

Data from the National Sample  Survey and the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) show that these migrant labourers are mainly from rural areas in poor regions and States, and belong to the poorest socio-economic classes.

With the government’s sudden  lockdown decision wages for jobs already carried out remained unpaid.

The fight against the pandemic  can only be built on a vision of a society that is inclusive, equitable, and non-discriminatory India needs a unified labour market and universal social security system which can ensure security, safety, and dignity to  all workers Pandemics do not recognise artificial walls between living spaces and work spaces, and both have to be able to provide basic  amenities and access to health security to all.

Editorial 3:- India’s disease surveillance system needs a reboot

Routine functioning, particularly of out patient department services in public hospitals, has been severely affected, and largely, emergency cases are being entertained.

Patients now complain of even greater high handedness of hospital staff in the still functioning emergency intensive care unit, labour rooms, tuberculosis (TB) wards, etc. Ironically, cardiology and neurology departments that cater to elderly sick patients are turning away many in the bid to streamline “critical” cases.

In such circumstances  we can expect an aggravation in the poor health conditions already affecting large sections of people  who have limited access to healthcare services.

Many of the adverse medical conditions prevalent among the vast majority of our countryare not even identified due to the  lax disease surveillance system.

For one, a significant number of the infected (poor and marginalised people) do not have access to healthcare facilities and so fail to report their condition to certified medical practitioners.

Second, Even when an infected person has access to such facilities, their clinical case does not always culminate in the required testing (blood/serum,throat swab, sputum, stool, urine).

Third, there is a widespread practice among pathological laboratories to categorise diseases on the basis of the pre-existing classificatory system, which results in failure to identify the definitive cause (aetiology) for an illness by differentiating and separating pathogens (disease causing microorganisms) on the basis of variations in, groups subgroups, strains, etc.

Silent Epidemics:- There is, consequently, pervasive non-identification of a definitive behind a number of illnesses.

Many ailments are simply clubbed together and referred toby generic names such as ‘Respiratory Tract Infection’ (RTI), ‘Urinary Tract Infection’, ‘Acute Febrile  Illness (AFI)’, ‘Acute Undifferentiated Fever’, ‘Fever of Unknown Origin’ (FUO). These diseases kill lakhs every year.

Even if the definitive cause of an illness is identified, it does not necessarily gain the focused attention of scientific research.

News:- Bharat Market: National E-Commerce Marketplace launched by CAIT

A National E-Commerce Market place was launched by Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) called “Bharat Market”.

News:- Project Monitoring Unit launched by Ministry of Coal

The Ministry of Coal recently launched a project monitoring unit to facilitate early operationalization of coal mines that were allocated by the central government.

The aim of launching the unit is to bring in more bidders.

The Project Monitoring Unit will facilitate Ease of Doing Business as it will support coal mines in receiving timely approval in order to operate the mines.

News:- CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization. Founded in 1895, it has over 9,000 members, from the private as well as public sectors, including SMEs and MNCs, and an indirect membership of over 300,000 enterprises from around 265 national and regional sectoral industry bodies.





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