The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 04th March 2020

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Questions of The Day :-

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) is published by

a) UNESCO

b) NITI Aayog

 c) NGO Pratham

d) Smile Foundation

2)Which of the following languages is not a ‘Classical Language’?

a) Telugu

 b) Marathi

c) Kannada

d) Odia

3)Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Raisina Dialogue’ 

  1. It is a multilateral conference committed to addressing the most challenging issues facing the global community.
  2. It is jointly organised by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF).

Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

 c) Both

d) None

 

1)UN rights body to move SC on CAA:– In an unprecedented and rare move, the Geneva based Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has announced that it plans to file  an application in the Supreme Court, asking to be impleaded in petitions challenging the Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA).

About OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ( OHCHR) :-

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) or the UN Human Rights Office, is a department of the Secretariat of the United Nations that works to promote and protect the human rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. The office was established by the UN General Assembly on 20 December 1993 in the wake of the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights.

An amicus curiae is someone who is not a party to a case and may or may not have been solicited by a party and who assists a court by offering information, expertise, or insight that has a bearing on the issues in the case; and is typically presented in the form of a brief.

2)Centre working on exclusive body for river linking projects:- The Central government is working on the establishment of an exclusive body to implement projects for linking rivers.
To be called the National Interlinking of Rivers Authority (NIRA), the proposed body is expected to take up
both inter-State and intra-State projects. It will also make arrangements for generating funds, internally and
externally.

An Official of the National Water Development Agency (NWDA), which is responsible for the formulation of proposals of the linking of rivers, said this.

3)HC orders demolition of structures in catchment areas of Sukhna Lake:– A day after the Punjab and Haryana High Court declared Chandigarh’s Sukhna Lake as a living entity, Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh has asked Advocate General Atul Nanda to examine, in detail, the High Court orders with respect to constructions in the area around the lake.

4)Naval exercise postponed :- Due to the spread of COVID-19, the Navy has decided to postpone the multilateral exercise, Milan 2020.

Milan is a multilateral naval exercise hosted by the Indian Navy under the aegis of the Andaman and Nicobar Command. The biennial event is held in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and features  professional exercises and seminars, social events and sporting fixtures between participating nations.

5)Black carbon levels spike at Himalayan glaciers:– Black carbon concentrations near the Gangotri glacier rose 400 times in summer due to forest fires and stubble burning that triggered ice Melt.

FACTS REGARDING BLACK CARBON:-

  1. Black carbon results from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass.
  2. The fine particles absorb light and about a million times more energy than carbon dioxide. It is said to be the second largest contributor to climate change after CO2.
  3. But unlike CO2, which can stay in the atmosphere for years together, black carbon is short-lived and remains in the atmosphere only for days to weeks, before it descends as rain or snow.
  4. India is the second largest emitter of black carbon in the world.

Lead Article :- A COVID-19 response that is quick off the Blocks

Another Article on Corona virus came. Lets discuss the two together.

Corona Virus and India :- India reported three more coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases — one each from Delhi, Hyderabad and Jaipur (an Italian tourist) — bringing the total number to six ( by the time we are writing this notes the cases have increased to 21).

One Fact :- National Institute of Virology  is in Pune.

About NIV , Pune :- The National Institute of Virology, Pune is an Indian virology research institute, and one of the Translational science cells part of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR). It was previously known as ‘Virus Research Center’ and was founded in collaboration with the Rockefeller Foundation. It has been designated as a WHO H5 reference Laboratory for SE Asia region.

VRC was redesignated as the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in 1978.

NIV is also the National Monitoring Centre for Influenza, Japanese  encephalitis, Rota, Measles, Hepatitis and Coronavirus.

What is the Health Ministry Doing :- The Health Ministry’s Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) network is in hot pursuit to trace people who have come in contact with the six people whose samples have been sent for confirmation.

Already, about 26,000 arriving passengers have been put under community surveillance of the IDSP network. Care should be taken to ensure that people under community surveillance do not flee.

In India, we should anticipate the possibility of a rapid viral spread due to its uniqueness of being a respiratory pathogen with capability of community transmission. India needs to be ready to mount a coordinated, coherent and sustained response.

Even if the disease does not reach epidemic status in India, it behoves us to continue to develop and maintain infrastructure to respond to new novel infectious agents capable of rapid spread.

Components of a response:-India has a fragile health system which is fragmented. It is critical to mount a coordinated and coherent response. This not only means involvement of both public and private sectors but also allopathic and nonallopathic medical systems, different  departments such as police, fire transportation, tourism, food supplies and other sectors. The response should be proportional and based on scientific principles while ensuring transparency and respecting human rights.

The National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC), currently designed to be set up in situations of large natural calamities, should be leveraged; it should coordinate across ministries and departments. It should set up a dedicated web portal which includes a dashboard with key indicators, current case definitions, guidelines, risk communications.

About NCMC:- A National Crisis Management Committee is a committee set up by the Government of India in the wake of a natural calamity for effective coordination and implementation of relief measures and operations. It is headed by Cabinet Secretary.

Challenges to India :-

India has a scarcity of Doctors, Ambulances, and health sercives are fragile and fragmented.

Also India needs to protect the health professionals, defence personnels from the attack of the virus first.

So a response plan should ensure that critical personnel (deemed irreplaceable) across sectors such as health, energy, defence, and food supply are identified and protected.

Priority also needs to be given to protecting frontline health workers, intensive care unit nursing staff.

Companies need to decide on a nimble basis putting in measures such as work from home, suspension of non-essential travel, and reinforcing workplace hygiene and health information protocols, expansive leave policies for the
sick or those under quarantine.

Local authorities can make plans for school closure, home isolation and social distancing.

6) About  WHO :-

World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations’ specialized agency for Health was founded in 1948.

Its headquarters are situated in Geneva, Switzerland.

There are 194 Member States, 150 country offices, six regional offices.

It is an inter-governmental organization and works in collaboration with its member states usually through the Ministries of Health.

The WHO provides leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.

It began functioning on April 7, 1948 – a date now being celebrated every year as World Health Day.

7) ABORTION RELATED LAWS IN COUNTRIES:-

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