The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 17th March 2020

1)What is ‘RaIDer-X, which was recently developed by HEMRL, the lab of DRDO and Indian Institute of Science?

A)Artillery Gun

B)Explosive Detection Device

C)Gun shot locator

D)Bullet Proof Jacket.

2)White Island, recently seen in news is located in

A)Australia

B)New Zealand

c)Vietnam

D) Indonesia

3)Consider the following statements regarding Payments Bank.

  1. Payments Bank can accept deposits only upto 2 lakh per individual customer.
  2. Issues debit cards, but not credit cards.
  3. Can distribute financial products such as mutual funds and insurance.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

A) 1, 2

B) 1, 3

C) 2,3

D) 1, 2 and 3

Factual News of the Day :-

1)Methanotrophic Bacteria Culture first time in India:- The Agharkar Research Institute of Pune has isolated 45 strains of methanotrophic bacteria. These bacteria are capable of reducing methane emissions in rice plants.

Methanotrophs are environmental organisms that have a major role in cycling of methane. They oxidize methane in the environment. The methanotrophic bacteria oxidize methane through anaerobic metabolism. The methanotrophs are used as bio-inoculants.

Bio-Inoculant are strains of bacteria, algae or fungi. They take in nitrogen from atmosphere and prepare nitrates required for plants.

By this, use of fertilizers are reduced. They also increase zinc and phosphorous availability for plants.

2)Government has included COVID-19 outbreak under notified Disaster:- Under Disaster Management Act, 2005, the SDRF funds shall be used only for cyclone, earthquake, drought, landslide, hailstorm, cloudburst, avalanche, frost, pest attack and cold waves.

Critical Medical conditions or pandemic situations were not under the notified disaster lists.

Therefore, the Central Government has included COVID-19 outbreak under notified Disaster. This will now enable the state government to utilize the funds for treating Corona virus.

SDRF funds are State Disaster Response Funds. The SDRF funds were constituted by Disaster Management Act, 2005. It was recommended by 13th Finance Commission .

The CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) of India audits the funds every year. The Ministry of Home Affairs is the nodal agency that oversees the utilization of these funds.

3)Problems of Iran :-

  • Sanctions of USA since as per USA , iran violated the JCPOA (iran nuclear deal )
  • Covid – 19 has badly affected iran.
  • The new challenge for Irancomes about two months after the killing of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) commanderGeneral Qassem Soleimani
  • The United Kingdom, France and Germany had invoked the JCPOA Dispute Resolution Mechanism (DRM), soon the matter will be before UNSC.

4)India celebrates National Science Day on February 28 every year to mark C.V. Raman’s discovery of the scattering of light.

5)Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983. For chandrashekhar limit.

6)Ranjan Gogoi nominated to Rajya Sabha:-

In exercise of the powers conferred by subclause(a) of clause (1) of Article 80 of the Constitution of India, read with clause (3) of that article, President is pleased to nominate Shri Ranjan Gogoi to Council of States .

President nominates 12 members to Rajya Sabha.

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