The Hindu Newspaper Analysis 21st march 2020

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1)The first multilateral bloc to declare climate emergency is

a) ASEAN
b) BIMSTEC
c) European Union (EU)
d) G-20 Members

2)Consider the following statements about Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW).

  1. It is the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons.
  2. It was passed in 1974 after India conducted its first nuclear test.
  3. The treaty prohibits the development, testing, production, stockpiling, transfer and use of nuclear weapons for all the UN member countries.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 1, 2
c) 1, 3
d) 1, 2, 3

Consider the following statements regarding Bharat Bond Exchange Traded Fund (ETF).

  1. Bharat Bond Exchange Traded Fund (ETF), is the country’s first Government bond exchange-traded fund aimed at retail investors.
  2. Individuals, non-resident Indians, high networth individuals, top tier corporates and foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) can invest in Bharat Bond Exchange Traded Fund (ETF).
    Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both
(d) None

 

Factual News of the Day :-

1)March 20: International Day of Happiness:- Every year March 20 is celebrated as International Day of Happiness. The day is observed by the United Nations. This year the day was celebrated under the theme Theme: Happiness for All, Together.

The day was first proposed in 2006 when Jayme Illien proposed “happytalism”. She presented the theory as a new economic theory as that of communism, capitalism, socialism, colonialism, feudalism, etc.

2)United Nations launches World Happiness Report, 2020: India ranks 144:- On March 20, 2020 United Nations released the World Happiness Report on the International Day of Happiness, 2020. Finland ranked first in the report nd India ranked 144. Around 156 countries were assessed under the ranking. This is the eighth World Happiness Report prepared by the organization.

This year the report has given a special role for environments and has linked people’s happiness to their environment. Apart from environment, the report also considers urban, social and other natural factors in framing the index for a country.
Following Finland, Denmark and Switzerland ranked second and third positions respectively.

India was ranked among the least happy nations.

According to the index, the urban-rural difference in India was high. Also, the report noticed that in India, the peri-urban population was happier than urban population.

3)“Tech for Tribal”-Launched by TRIFED to develop Tribal Entrepreneurship:- TRIFED, the Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India launched “Tech for Tribal” initiative. The initiative aims at providing entrepreneurship skills to the tribal people.

The TRIFED has launched the initiative along with Institutes of National Importance. It includes IIT-Kanpur, IIM Indore, Institute of Social Science, Bhuwaneshwar.

4)SANKALP-Skills Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion. It is a project supported by World Bank. It focuses on apprenticeship training and support ITIs.

STRIVE-The Strengthening for Industrial Value Enhancement scheme was launched under the policy. It aims to improve the skills of workers through industrial training institutes.

5)Kamal Nath resigns a head of floor test:- for the Floor Test one case is very important.

The Case is S.R Bommai case of 1994

What is the significance of the S.R. Bommai vs Union of India case?

The case put an end to the arbitrary dismissal of State governments by a hostile Central government. And the verdict also categorically ruled that the floor of the Assembly is the only forum that should test the majority of the government of the day, and not the subjective opinion of the Governor, who is often referred to as the agent of the Central government.

ii)Secularism is the basic structure was as per this Case only.

6) Editorial Of the Day :- Crime and punishment

Central Theme : Author says that behavioural change is needed to protect the females of the country . Merely giving death penalty to the rapists in not going to deter them.

Author quotes Justice J.S verma Committee report here which was formed after the Nirbhaya Case.

Several recommendations were simply not considered, including those relating to marital rape and police reform.

On the imposition of the death penalty, the government went against what the Verma report had suggested — that seeking such a punishment “would be a regressive step in the field of sentencing and reformation”.

Data regarding Crimes:- National Crime Records Bureau report, released in January 2020, a total of 3.78 lakh cases of crimes against women were recorded across India in 2018 compared to 3.59 lakh in 2017 and 3.38 lakh in 2016.

Main Problem of the Society :-  A society that endorses a preference for the male child has already condemned the girl child to an unequal world.

So the solution lies in having a behavioural change in the society that only will improve the condition of the women.

7) LS passes Bill on national importance tag for IIITs :- The Lok Sabha on Friday passed a Bill to confer the status of Institution of National Importance (INI) on five more Indian Institutes of Information Technology.

The Bill proposes to bring the five institutions — located in Surat, Bhopal, Bhagalpur, Agartala and Raichur —under the Indian Institutes of Information Technology (PublicPrivate Partnership)Act, 2017, similar to the other 15 IIITs established under the scheme through public-private partnership. These five IIITs, along with the 15 others, will be able to use the nomenclature of Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) or Master of Technology (M.Tech) or Ph.D degrees.

The status will also help the institutes attract students required to develop a strong research base in information technology.

8)Trump to host G-7 meet via videoconference:-

President Donald Trump is scrapping this year’s G-7 summit at Camp David near Washington due to the COVID_19 crisis and will instead hold the event by videoconference, the White Housesaid on Thursday.

About G-7 :-

The G7, originally G8, was set up in 1975 as an informal forum bringing together the leaders of the world’s leading industrial nations.

The summit gathers leaders from the European Union (EU) and the following countries:

Canada

France

Germany

Italy

Japan

the United Kingdom

the United States

 

 

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