THE HINDU NEWSPAPER ANALYSIS 4th DECEMBER 2019

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Q.1 Consider the following statement about CAG
1. CAG is appointed by Appointments Committee of the Cabinet
2. CAG has a fixed tenure of 5 years.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None of the above

Q.2 Which of the following is not a Permanent Wind?
A. Trade Winds
B. Westerlies
C. Easterlies
D. Monsoon

Q.3 Which of the following geographical feature is not formed by the wind?
A. Mushroom Rocks
B. Glacier
C. Sand Dunes
D. Loess

 

CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT BILL 2019
NEWS: BJP MPs were warned against absenteeism by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh at the parliamentary party meeting on Tuesday.
He said the presence of MPs was to be strictly ensured as the government would be tabling the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) next week. The Bill is expected to be cleared by the Cabinet on Wednesday.

WHAT DOES THE BILL MANDATE?
The Bill had mandated that those who cross the border to India from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan and belong to “minority communities”, namely, Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians, would not be treated as illegal immigrants despite having entered the country without valid documents or with travel papers that had expired. They would not face deportation under the Passport (Entry into India) Act of 1920 and the Foreigners Act of 1946.
The amendment shortened the period of residency from 12 to seven years for gaining citizenship by naturalisation.
The Bill had also empowered the government to cancel registration as Overseas Citizen of India in case of any violation of the Citizenship Act or any other laws.

CRITICISM
By distinguishing illegal immigrants on the basis of religion, the proposed law goes against constitutional guarantee of the fundamental right to equality under Article 14 of the Constitution.
The protection of Article 14 applies equally to both citizens and foreigners.
Second, the Bill would hamper the Assam National Register of Citizens (NRC), which defines all illegal immigrants, irrespective of religion, on the basis of a cut-off date.
The Citizenship Bill is also seen as a move to subvert the Assam Accord of 1985. The Accord deems any person who cannot prove his ancestry beyond March 24, 1971 as an alien. It does not differentiate on the ground of religion in this aspect

DEBRIS OF CHANDRAYAAN 2
NEWS: The modest apartment of Shanmuga Subramanian, a 33-year-old techie from , is chock-a-block with journalists, jostling since Tuesday morning to speak to him after his crucial ‘clue’ helped NASA zero-in on debris of Chandrayaan-2’s lander, Vikram, on the moon.
Asked how he located the debris, which has in part solved the mystery of what happened to the lander, Mr. Subramanian is modest, saying it was not rocket science.
According to him, all it took was two computers and roughly 30 hours of detailed viewing to spot what potentially looked like the lander’s debris. NASA confirmed his conclusions on Tuesday morning, crediting ‘Shan’, as he likes to be called, for the first clue to Vikram’s fate.

ABOUT CHANDRAYAAN 2
1. India’s second lunar mission and first lunar lander rover mission.
2. Launched on July 22 from Sri Harikota (sriharikota is a barrier island off the bay of bengal coast located in the nellore district of andhra pradesh, india. it houses the satish dhawan space centre, one of the two satellite launch centres in india.) using the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle.
3. First moon mission was in 2008. India was the fourth country to reach moon. Chandrayaan 1 conclusively detected traces of water along with magnesium, aluminium and silicon.
4. First moon landing occurred on July 20, 1969, on the Apollo 11 mission which was launched on July 16.
5. Chandrayaan 2 was expected to be the first mission to reach and study the south pole of the moon.
6. It is made up of an orbiter, a lander named ‘Vikram’, after Vikram A. Sarabhai, the founding father of space science research in India, and a rover named ‘Pragyan’, which means ‘wisdom’.
7. Chandrayaan-2’s 27 kg robotic vehicle Pragyan, which translates to ‘wisdom’ in Sanskrit, can travel up to 500 m from the landing spot on the Moon and leverages solar energy for its functioning.
8. The lander carries three scientific payloads to conduct surface and sub-surface science experiments, while the rover carries two payloads to enhance our understanding of the lunar surface,
9. Chandrayaan 2 will use rocket technology to soft land ‘Vikram’, carrying its ‘Pragyan’ rover in a suitable high plain on the lunar surface, between two craters, Manzinus-C and Simpelius N.

FIRST EDITORIAL
ISSUE: SECURITY OF WOMEN
BACKGROUND: Last week’s brutal rape and murder of a 26-year-old veterinarian in Hyderabad.

Several MPs questioned the adequacy of criminal laws and a judicial system that permits under-age convicts to get away with lenient punishment and others sentenced to death to escape the noose through mercy petitions.

After the Nirbhaya incident, the UN Human Rights chief had called rape and violence against women in India a “national problem” which would need “national solutions”.

Unfortunately, in the past week, rapes and assault have been reported from Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Telangana.

The National Crime Records Bureau which released its 2017 data this October said a total of 3.59 lakh cases of crimes against women were reported, a 6% rise compared to 2016. Of this, assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty comprised 21.7%, and rape 7%.

A suggestion by an MP that rapists “must be brought out in public and lynched” is hardly the answer.

SOLUTIONS ACCORDING TO THE EDITORIAL
• Better policing,
• Fast-track courts,
• Quick sentencing
• Every curriculum should include gender sensitisation syllabus, right from school Public places must be made safer for all.
• Boys and girls should be raised right in an atmosphere of freedom and a culture of mutual respect.

LEAD ARTICLE
ISSUE: NEW SOLUTION FOR THE PALESTINE
Author’s central argument in this article is that TWO STATE SOLUTION IS DEAD AND Palestinian’s will have to look for new ways to gain their homeland.

WHY TWO STATE SOLUTION IS DEAD?
The recognition of the U.S. State Department of the illegal Jewish settlements in the West Bank is yet another indication that the two-state solution is dead.

Vast areas around West Bank have already been ethnically cleansed, and the rest are enclaved in spaces that at any given moment Israel can turn into inhabitable areas, as it did in the Gaza Strip.

Israeli nationality law passed in 2018 that states that only the Jews have the right of self-determination all over historical Palestine.

COLONIZATION CONTINUES
Decolonisation is rightly associated with processes that took place in the first half of the last century (such as the one leading to the liberation of India), but that does not mean colonisation disappeared from the rest of the globe.

Even more importantly, the process of decolonisation, apart from two places, Algeria and South Africa, has not affected settler colonial projects which ended in the creation of the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Israel, to mention but few of those cases.

Israel is following “the logic of the elimination of the native”, defined by late Australian scholar, Patrick Wolfe.

NEW WAYS OF STRUGGLE
In the 1960s and 1970s the Palestinians resisted this policy of colonisation and dispossession with an armed struggle in their quest for freedom and liberation.

But now the “march of return” — the weekly peaceful demonstrations by thousands of Palestinians on the fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel is one example of a different kind of a popular resistance, which demands not only the end of the inhuman siege on Gaza and its two million people that has led to a human catastrophe there, but also the right of return of the refugees to their homes; 80% of the Palestinians in the Gaza Strip are refugees who live near their lands, villages and towns from which they were expelled in 1948.

BDS, or Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions, campaign to liberate people from a military rule, the people of Gaza from the siege, the refugees return from their exile, and the Palestinians in Israel would be recognised as equal citizens.

ISSUE: CHALLNGES FOR CHINESE PRESIDENT XI JINPING
In this article author has highlighted mainly five challenges
1. Hong Kong Issue
2. Uighurs Treatment
3. Belt and Road Initiative
4. Inter Party Rivalry
5. Interference in Internal Affairs of Other Country

HONG KONG
In a stunning rebuke to the Communist Party’s handling of the Hong Kong crisis, pro-democracy forces made massive gains in local elections held last month; 17 of the 18 district councils are now controlled by pro-democracy councillors. The election saw an unprecedented voter turnout of more than 71%.

This is particularly problematic for Mr. Xi as he held the Hong Kong portfolio on the Communist Party’s Politburo Standing Committee before he became China’s de facto emperor.

he has centralised power to an unprecedented level, there is no one else to share any blame for the policies enunciated by Mr. Xi.

UIGHUR ISSUE
a massive trove of classified Chinese government documents leaked to the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, showcased a much more granular narrative of how China is carrying out the mass detention of Muslim Uighurs and other minorities in its northwest Xinjiang province.

These documents belie repeated Chinese claims that it is sending the estimated million or more people to vocational training schools with the notional goal of combating terrorism.

BELT AND ROAD INITIATIVE
The Chinese economy is not doing well. There is growing internal criticism of Mr. Xi’s flagship Belt and Road Initiative and the costs China is having to bear for a grandiose project, driven more by Mr. Xi’s vanity than by sound economic logic.

INTER PARTY RIVALRY
Xi Jinping has made a lot of enemies in his drive to emerge as the supreme leader and he has been ruthless with his opponents. Some of them would be waiting in the wings to respond in kind.

INTERFERENCE IN OTHER COUNTRIES INTERNAL AFFAIRS
Most recently, the Australian media has reported on an alleged Chinese plot to plant a spy in the Australian Parliament which has been termed as “deeply disturbing” by the Australian Prime Minister and is being investigated now by the nation’s domestic spy agency.
This along with reports that a Chinese spy has applied for asylum in Australia after providing information about Chinese operations in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Australia and suggesting that he was “personally involved” in espionage work has damaged an already battered Chinese global image.

WHY INDIA SHOULD BE CONCERNED?
As pressures mount on Xi Jinping and the Communist Party, there are dangers that Beijing might want to divert attention from its own internal failures by lashing out at the world. New Delhi should guard against any Chinese misadventures even as it prepares itself to deal with negative externalities emerging out of the multiple crises brewing in Beijing.

 

INTERVIEW OF RATHIN ROY
Recession should be accepted

We need to accept this recession is structural in nature

WHAT STEPS COULD BE TAKEN?
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) can quickly increase the amount of cash in the economy.

Then banks, especially public sector banks, can use that together with interest rate policy to provide easy credit.

A larger supply of credit should lead to cheaper credit. This will have to be supported by reduction of the administered price of credit, which is the RBI’s repo rate.

There could be hurdles to credit off-take due to fiduciary or prudential reasons, so those need to be tackled.

Government needs to hold granular conversations with the private sector. For instance, we have a market for textiles that we are losing to Bangladesh. What is it that inhibits us from gaining that market through import substitution? What can we do in terms of credit and securing the running of a business in that specific sector?

Business model change is needed in agriculture.

The slowdown is an outcome of supply-side constraints and not demand-side constraints.

 

ISSUE: TRANSGENDER PERSONS BILL 2019

PROBLEMS WITH THE BILL
Does not address the issues of LGBTQ community

the title of the Bill itself is exclusionary as it does not accommodate all persons whose legal protection it seeks to recognise.

It is instructive for the legislature to appreciate the nuances when it comes to distinguishing between transgender and intersex persons.

Transgenders have a different gender identity than what was assigned to them at birth, while intersex indicates diversity of gender based on biological characteristics at birth.

The Bill is not in alignment with the evolving international human rights framework. Parliament will be well-advised to consider changing the title of the Bill to Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Sex Characteristics (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019.

Bill does not provide for the definition of terms such as gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics.

Intersex traits should not be considered as genetic defects/ disorders, and terms like ‘gender dysphoria’ should be used to characterise them.

The Bill fails to protect intersex persons from unnecessary medical intervention.

Intersex persons are particularly vulnerable and experience barriers in access to education, employment, marriage, etc. In its current form, the Bill turns back the clock on decades of positive change brought about by intersex activists.

US FRANCE TRADE WAR
NEWS: On the eve of President Donald Trump’s meeting with his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron in London on the sidelines of the NATO alliance talks, the U.S. announced that it could levy duties up to 100% on $2.4 billion in French imports into the country

The ‘301’ trade probe against France was launched in July after Mr. Macron signed the DST into law, aimed at taxing digital companies that did substantial business in France. The DST is a 3% tax on the turnover of digital companies with global turnover of at least €750 million, of which €25 million is generated in France. U.S. tech giants, including Google, Amazon and Facebook, had called for the tax to be scrapped.

The ‘301’ probe is a trade tool authorised by Section 301 of the U.S. Trade Act of 1974, which the U.S. uses to assert its rights under trade agreements if it decides American industries are facing “unfair” foreign trade practices.

ABOUT NATO

About North Atlantic Treaty Organization (North Atlantic Alliance):
• It is an intergovernmental military alliance.
• Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.
• Headquarters — Brussels, Belgium.
• Objectives:
• Political – NATO promotes democratic values and enables members to consult and cooperate on defence and security-related issues to solve problems, build trust and, in the long run, prevent conflict.
• Military – NATO is committed to the peaceful resolution of disputes. If diplomatic efforts fail, it has the military power to undertake crisis-management operations. These are carried out under the collective defence clause of NATO’s founding treaty – Article 5 of the Washington Treaty or under a United Nations mandate, alone or in cooperation with other countries and international organisations.

301 PROBE

The ‘301’ probe is a trade tool authorised by Section 301 of the U.S. Trade Act of 1974, which the U.S. uses to assert its rights under trade agreements if it decides American industries are facing “unfair” foreign trade practices.

 

 

2 thoughts on “THE HINDU NEWSPAPER ANALYSIS 4th DECEMBER 2019

  1. Hello sir.
    The YouTube video had more news. Please try to add all those articles. As I don’t think I’ll manage to take time for both the article and the video. So, please add all the news item you discuss in the video here as well.

    Thanks and regards.

  2. Hello sir can u plz upload June (2019)PDF CA booklet as it is not available there.plz do it at earliest .Thankx in advance

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