UPSC Prelims Quiz 2020 #14

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QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

1. Consider the following statements regarding Convention on the Rights of the Child.

1)The Convention on the Rights of the Child is a new human rights treaty, that outlines the civil, economic, social, political and cultural rights of children.
2)Nations that ratify this convention are bound to it by international law.
3)India is a party to the convention.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1, 2
b) 1, 3
c) 2, 3
d) 1, 2, 3

 

Solution: c)

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is a 30-year-old human rights treaty, that outlines the civil, economic, social, political and cultural rights of children.

The Convention defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen, unless the age of majority is attained earlier under national legislation.

India ratified UNCRC on 11 December 1992, agreeing in principles all articles except with certain reservations on issues relating to child labor.

2. ‘One country, two systems’ recently seen in news is the policy of which country

a) Japan
b) South Korea
c) China
d) Philippines

 

Solution: c)

  • “One country, two systems” is a constitutional principle formulated by Deng Xiaoping, the Paramount Leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), for the reunification of China during the early 1980s.
  • He suggested that there would be only one China, but distinct Chinese regions such as Hong Kong and Macau could retain their own economic and administrative systems, while the rest of the PRC (or “Mainland China”) uses the socialism with Chinese characteristics system.

3. Consider the following statements regarding Emergency Response Support System (ERSS).

1)ERSS is one of the key projects of Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
2)Under ERSS there is a single emergency response number across the country.
3)In India, the decision to launch the ERSS system was taken in the wake of the 2012 Delhi bus gangrape case.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1, 2
b) 1, 3
c) 2, 3
d) 1, 2, 3

 

Solution: d)

ERSS is one of the key projects of Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) under Nirbhaya Fund.
In India, the decision to launch the ERSS system was taken in the wake of the 2012 Delhi bus gangrape case.

There is a pan-India single emergency number ‘112’ under ERSS.

4. Shingle island, recently seen in news is located in

a) Gulf of Mannar
b) Gulf of Kachchh
c) Gulf of Khambhat
d) Bay of Bengal

 

Solution: a)

Dead coral reefs found in Shingle Island after the recent blooming of microalgae.

5. Consider the following statements about Low Earth Orbit (LEO).

1)It is an Earth-centered orbit with an altitude of 2,000 km or less.
2)The International Space Station conducts operations in LEO.
3)Major disadvantage of low Earth orbit is that it requires high amount of energy for satellite placement.
4)Spy satellites cannot use LEO.
Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

a) 1, 2
b) 1, 2, 3
c) 3, 4
d) 2, 3, 4

 

Solution: c)

  • Low earth orbit refers to an altitude up to 2,000 km or less.
  • A satellite in the LEO can monitor activities on the ground and water surfaces.
  • A low Earth orbit requires the lowest amount of energy for satellite placement.  Satellites and space stations in LEO are more accessible for crew and servicing.
  • Earth observation satellites and spy satellites use LEO as they are able to see the surface of the Earth clearly by being close to it.
  • The International Space Station is in a LEO about 330 km to 420 km above Earth’s surface.

6. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access’ (PAiSA).

1)It is a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans to beneficiaries.
2)It is implemented under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM).
3)DAY-NULM has been conferred the SKOCH Governance Gold Award for its Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access (PAiSA).
Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1, 2
b) 2, 3
c) 1, 3
d) 1, 2, 3

 

Solution: d)

  • National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) has been Conferred The Prestigious SKOCH Governance Gold Award.
  • The award has been conferred for its Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access (PAiSA).
  • PaiSA portal was launched in November 2018, it is a centralized IT platform which simplifies and streamlines release of interest subvention under the Mission.
  • It offers end to end online solution for processing, payment, monitoring and tracking of interest subvention claims from banks on a monthly basis.
  • It is designed and developed by Allahabad Bank (Nodal bank).

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