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UPSC Prelims Quiz 2020 #15

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

1.‘Exercise Dharma Guardian’ is a bilateral exercise between India and

a) Russia
b) Japan
c) United States of America
d) France

 

Solution (b)
‘Exercise Dharma Guardian’- Japan

2. ‘Eritrea’ is not bordered by

a) Ethiopia
b) Djibouti
c) Sudan
d) Somalia

 

Solution (d)

It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.

3. ‘The State of the World’s Children’ Report is published by

a) UNICEF
b) WHO
c) World Economic Forum
d) UNDP

 

Solution (a)

The State of the World’s Children is an annual report published by the United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund. It is the flagship publication of the organization.

4. The Report ‘‘South Asia Economic Focus, Making (De) Centralization Work’ is published by

a) World Bank
b) Asian Development Bank
c) UNESCAP
d) USAID

 

Solution (a)

As per the report released by World Bank on ‘South Asia Economic Focus, Making (De) Centralization Work’, Bangladesh has become the second-fastest growing economy in South Asia after Bhutan. According to the World Bank, Bangladesh and Nepal are estimated to grow faster than India in 2019.

5. The ‘Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences’ 2019 has been awarded for

a) Integrating climate change into long-run macroeconomic analysis
b) The theory of stable allocations and the practice of market design
c) Analysis of trade patterns and location of economic activity
d) Experimental approach to alleviating global poverty

 

Solution (d)

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019 was awarded to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”.

6. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Bluetongue Disease’

1)It is a noncontagious, insect-borne, viral disease.
2)It primarily infects sheep, goats, and cattle.
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) None

 

Solution (c)

  • Bluetongue disease is a noncontagious, insect-borne, viral disease of ruminants, mainly sheep and less frequently cattle, goats, buffalo, deer, dromedaries, and antelope.
  • It is caused by Bluetongue virus (BTV).
  • In sheep, BTV causes an acute disease with high morbidity and mortality. BTV also infects goats, cattle and other domestic animals as well as wild ruminants (for example, blesbuck, white-tailed deer, elk, and pronghorn antelope).

7. ‘Project Vishwajeet’ aims

a) To make India a manufacturing hub
b) To make India a defence hub in line with Make in India initiative
c) To put IITs in top league of global rankings
d) To facilitate protection of Patents, Trademark and Designs of innovative and interested Start Ups.

 

Solution (c)

  • An endeavour titled ‘Project Vishwajeet’ by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to put IITs among the list of global educational institutions could see a revival.
  • When this initiative was conceptualised in 2016, it aimed to push seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) to the top rung in global academic rankings.
  • The seven IITs which will be a part of this project are IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Madras, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Guwahati, IIT Roorkee and IIT Kanpur.

8. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Malabar Civet’

1)It is a viverrid endemic to the Western Ghats.
2)It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) None

Solution (c)

  • The Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina), also known as the Malabar civet, is a viverrid endemic to the Western Ghats of India. It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List .
  • The IUCN system uses a set of five quantitative criteria to assess the extinction risk of a given species. In general, these criteria consider:

1.The rate of population decline
2.The geographic range
3.Whether the species already possesses a small population size
4.Whether the species is very small or lives in a restricted area
5.Whether the results of a quantitative analysis indicate a high probability of extinction in the wild

 

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