Blog

UPSC Prelims Quiz 2020 #16

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

1. ‘Ramakien’ is associated with which of the following countries?

a) Thailand
b) India
c) Malaysia
d) Myanmar

 

Solution (a)

  • The Ramakien, literally “Glory of Rama”; is Thailand’s national epic, derived from the Hindu epic Ramayana.
  • Khon is a dance drama genre from Thailand. Khon is based on the tales of the epic Ramakien. Khon Ramakien originally could be performed by men only.
  • KHON Ramlila of Thailand is included in the list of UNESCO’s Intangible cultural heritage and it’s a form of masked dance depicting the scenes of Ramlila. It has no dialogues and background voices narrate the whole story of Ramayana.

2. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Food Safety Mitra (FSM)’

1)It is an individual professional who assists in compliances related to FSS Act, Rules and regulations.
2)It is launched by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) None

 

Solution (c)

  • In a bid to improve the ease of doing business, apex food regulator Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) launched a scheme –Food Safety Mitra (FSM). The scheme will support small and medium scale food businesses in compliance to the food safety laws.
  • A Food Safety Mitra is an individual professional certified by FSSAI who assists in compliances related to FSS Act, Rules and regulations with three avatars viz. Digital Mitra, Trainer Mitra and Hygiene Mitra depending upon their respective roles and responsibilities.

3. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘GOAL (Going Online as Leaders) Programme’

1)It is aimed at inspiring, guiding and encouraging tribal girls from across India to become village-level digital young leaders for their communities.
2)It is a programme by Facebook along with Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) Only

Solution (c)

  • GOAL (Going Online as Leaders), a Facebook program aimed at inspiring, guiding and encouraging tribal girls from across India to become village-level digital young leaders for their communities.
  • GOAL connects underprivileged young tribal women with senior expert mentors in the areas of business, fashion and arts to learn digital and life skills.
  • In the second phase of the program, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Facebook together will digitally mentor 5000 young women in India’s tribal dominated districts.

4. ‘Shinyuu Maitri’ is a joint Air Force Exercise between India and

a) South Korea
b) China
c) Japan
d) Singapore

 

Solution (c)
‘Shinyuu Maitri’- Japan

5. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Clean Seas’ programme

1)It was launched by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
2)It was launched with the aim of engaging governments, the general public and the private sector in the fight against marine plastic pollution.
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) None

 

Solution (c)

UNEP launched the ‘Clean Seas’ programme in February 2017 to fight marine plastic litter with the help of governments, civil society and citizens.

6. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Great Oxidation Event’

1)It was a time that Earth’s atmosphere and the shallow ocean experienced a rise in oxygen, during the Paleoproterozoic era.
2)Free oxygen was first produced by eukaryotic organisms in the ocean that carried out photosynthesis more efficiently, producing oxygen as a waste product.
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) None

Solution (a)

  • The Great Oxidation Event (GOE), sometimes also called the Great Oxygenation Event, Oxygen Catastrophe, Oxygen Crisis, Oxygen Holocaust, or Oxygen Revolution, was a time that Earth’s atmosphere and the shallow ocean experienced a rise in oxygen, around 2.4 billion years ago during the Paleoproterozoic era.
  • Geological, isotopic, and chemical evidence suggests that biologically induced molecular oxygen (dioxygen, O2) started to accumulate in Earth’s atmosphere and changed Earth’s atmosphere from a weakly reducing atmosphere to an oxidizing atmosphere.
  • A chronology of oxygen accumulation suggests that free oxygen was first produced by prokaryotic and then later eukaryotic organisms in the ocean that carried out photosynthesis more efficiently, producing oxygen as a waste product.

7. ‘Common Risk Mitigating Mechanism’ (CRMM), an insurance scheme is associated with which of the following groupings

a) BRICS
b) ASEAN
c) Paris Agreement
d) International Solar Alliance

 

Solution (d)

International Solar Alliance (IAS), which became a treaty-based global entity, will develop an insurance scheme – Common Risk Mitigating Mechanism –
To protect investors’ interests so that more and more investment can be attracted to the growing solar energy sector.

8. ‘Chitrakathi’ style of painting is practiced in

a) Odisha
b) Maharashtra
c) West Bengal
d) Gujarat

 

Solution (b)

Chitrakathi is a unique style of Painting, practised in Pinguli, a small village near Kudal, in the district of Sindhudurg in the Indian States of Maharashtra, dating back to the 17th century. Painting is done using paper, brush and hand-made colours and in the sequence, based on the story of Mahabharatha or Ramayana.

9. Consider the following statements about ‘Inclusive Development Index’

1)It is released by the World Economic Forum
2)It is an annual assessment of countries’ economic performance that measures how countries perform on eleven dimensions of economic progress in addition to GDP
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) None

 

Solution (c)

It has 3 pillars; growth and development; inclusion and; intergenerational equity – sustainable stewardship of natural and financial resources.

The IDI is a project of the World Economic Forum’s System Initiative on the Future of Economic Progress, which aims to inform and enable sustained and inclusive economic progress through deepened public-private cooperation.

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x
%d bloggers like this: