UPSC Prelims Quiz 2020 #17

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QUESTIONS & ANSWERS

1. Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Indian Penal Code (IPC)’

1)It was drafted on the recommendations of first law commission of India established under the Charter Act of 1833.
2)It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law and tort law.
Select the correct statements

a) 1 Only
b) 2 Only
c) Both
d) None

Solution (a)

The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted in 1860 on the recommendations of first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the chairmanship of Macaulay.

2. Baikonur Cosmodrome’ is located in

a) Ukraine
b) Mongolia
c) Kazakhstan
d) Jordan

 

Solution (c)

Baikonur Cosmodrome is a spaceport located in an area of southern Kazakhstan leased to Russia. The Cosmodrome is the world’s first and largest operational space launch facility.

3. ‘Pettathullal’ was in news recently. It is associated with which of the following states?

a) Kerala
b) Telangana
c) Karnataka
d) Tamil Nadu

Solution (a)

Pettathulal, also known as Petta Kettu, is a historic ritualistic dance held annually on 27th Dhanu at Erumely in the district of Kottayam in Kerala. It is performed during the Mandalam – Makaravilakku period which depicts the joyfulness of people by the slaying of Mahishi by Lord Ayyappa.
Pettathullal is a symbolic representation of a community against the uprisings of Adharma or injustice.

4. Which of the following currencies is not included in IMF’s SDR basket?

a) Japanese Yen
b) Swiss Franc
c) Chinese Yuan
d) British Pound

 

Solution (b)

The basket now consists of the following five currencies: U.S. dollar 41.73%, euro 30.93%, renminbi (Chinese yuan) 10.92%, Japanese yen 8.33%, British pound 8.09%.

5. Which of the following are the favourable conditions for coral reef formations?

1)Shallow continental shelf
2)High sediments in the water
3)Areas where fresh waters from rivers enter oceans
4)Mean annual temperatures should be between 22 – 29 degree C.
Select the correct answer code:

a) 1, 2
b) 1, 3, 4
c) 2, 3
d) 1, 4

 

Solution: d)

High fresh water influx and sediments are unfavorable conditions for coral reef formations

6. Consider the following pairs.

Disease Pollutant

1)Itai-itai disease Cadmium
2)Minamata disease Mercury
3)Blue Baby Syndrome Arsenic
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

a) 1, 3
b) 2, 3
c) 1, 2
d) 1, 2, 3

Solution: c)
Itai-itai disease was the name given to the mass cadmium poisoning of Toyama Prefecture, Japan, starting around 1912. Cadmium poisoning can also cause softening of the bones and kidney failure.

Minamata disease is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. Minamata disease was first discovered in Minamata city in Kumamoto prefecture, Japan, in 1956.

The most common cause of blue baby syndrome is water contaminated with nitrates.

7. In which of the following, there are high chances of interacting species living closely together?

1)Mutualism
2)Competition
3)Parasitism
4)Predation
5)Commensalism
6)Amensalism
Select the correct answer code:

a) 1, 2, 3, 4
b) 3, 4, 5
c) 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
d) 1, 2, 4, 6

 

Solution: b)

Predation, parasitism and commensalism share a common characteristic– the interacting species live closely together.

8. The population interaction in which only one species benefits and it is detrimental to the other species is known as

a) Commensalism
b) Amensalism
c) Predation
d) Competition

 

Solution: c)

In both parasitism and predation only one species benefits (parasite and predator, respectively) and the interaction is detrimental to the other species (host and prey, respectively)

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