What is ETHICS ?

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Ethics is basically a set of moral principles or rules of behaviour based on ideas about what is morally good and bad. Sometimes, it also known as moral philosophy – a branch of philosophy dealing with what is morally right or wrong. The term ethics comes from the Greek word ‘ethikos’, which means customs and habits. The study of ethics is also often called “moral philosophy.”

Definition of Ethics:-

  • A body of prescriptions and prohibitions, do’s and dont’s” .
  • “Ethics concentrates on human actions or on the consequences of human” .
  • “Ethics refers to well based standards of right and wrong that prescribe what human ought to do, usually in terms of duties, principles, specific virtues, or benefits to society.”

Ethics covers the following dilemmas:

How to live a good life?

Our rights and responsibilities.

The language of right and wrong.

Moral decisions – what is good and bad?

In the Western philosophy, there are three eminent schools of ethics. The first, inspired by Aristotle, holds that virtues (such as justice, charity and generosity) are dispositions to act in ways that benefit the possessor of these virtues and the society of which he is a part. The second, subscribed to mainly by Immanual Kant, makes the concept of duty central to morality: human beings are bound, from knowledge of their duty as rational beings, to obey the categorical imperative to respect other rational beings with whom they interact. The third is the Utilitarian viewpoint that asserts that the guiding principle of conduct should be the greatest happiness (or benefit) of the greatest number.

Other Aspects of Ethics will be discussed in the later Posts…. keep sharing.!!

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